Catalysis In Petrochemical Industries Essay

2528 WordsMar 11, 201211 Pages
Catalysts in Petrochemical Industries Dr. Anil Lachke anil.lachke@gmail.com Ex-Senior Scientist National Chemical laboratory (CSIR), Pune 411008 12-A Divyakunj Apartments, Gokhale Road, Pune 411 016 Index 1. Catalysis 2. Indian Catalysis Research 3. Mitti ka Tel (Petroleum, Crude oil) 4. In search of oil (Background) 5. Early Drilling 6. Production of Petrochemicals with Catalysts 7. Some Notable Facts Catalysis Chemistry is the science of substances and their transformations. Chemistry makes many wonderful substances from animals and vegetables as well as from crude oil as a raw material. Some substances occur naturally, but many have to be chemically treated in some way to make them suitable for our specific needs. . Thousands of substances have been produced that are not easily found in nature but posses unique and useful properties. The list of chemistry’s good deeds is practically inexhaustible. Chemistry feeds us, clothes us, shoes us, and gives us the things without which modern civilized society cannot function. In order to get unique substances, two or more chemicals must come together and react! After all we’ve all seen images of chemists cooking things up. May be we’ve even turned up the flame a few times ourselves in the kitchen! And so we know that in order to speed up chemical reactions, high temperature certainly helps. If you wish to have an economical and ecofriendly approach towards your chemical transformations then you should use an appropriate catalyst. Catalysts change the reaction rate of chemical reactions favourably without undergoing any permanent change themselves. Any chemical reaction that takes place with the aid of a catalyst is called a catalytic reaction. For example, heating a mixture of potassium chlorate and manganese dioxide produces oxygen quicker than heating potassium chlorate on its
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