(1 point) The medial Collateral Ligament also known as the MCL is a band that runs in between the inner surfaces of the femur and the tibia. It endures forces acting starting on the outer surface of the knee which is called valgus forces, this stops the knee from collapsing inwards. The MCL has two parts; an inner part that
Initial care following an injury should consist of ice, compression, elevation, and unweighting (using crutches), continuing to use these measures until the swelling and spasm within the surrounding muscle subside (Griffin). Different treatment options exist for this particular injury as well. Patients who don’t desire any type of reconstruction and who show no symptoms of a meniscal tear, can be treated non-surgically, by using a custom or generic ACL brace to reduce the severity and frequency of the knee giving out. The brace also protects against secondary restraints as well. Once acute symptoms subside, the knee range of motion has returned (to what it can) and the surrounding muscles are stronger (approximately 2-6 weeks), other options for further treatment can be
• Define: antagonist, synergist, prime mover o Synergist: a muscle that assists the action of a prime mover o Antagonist: A muscle that act in opposition to a prime mover o Prime Mover: muscle primarily responsible for producing an action • List the various ways that muscles are named. Give a specific example for each way. o Location: An example of this would be the obicularis oris, because oris means mouth. o Shape: The trapezius is named because it is similar to the
Since the patient has back and neck pain, doctors can test for any bone related problems. | CAT SCAN | A CAT scan is also a viable option because it provides images of both bones and soft tissues. This will allow doctors to find any muscle related or bone related problems in a single test. | MRI | Although an MRI provides clearer images of soft tissues compared to CAT scans, it makes it harder to differentiate between inflammation, scar tissues and tumors, which means other tests will also have to be done so an MRI is not the best option. | PET SCAN | A PET scan is also not a logical option since it looks at functions of cells as oppose to their structure.
The response is either increased or decreased contraction of the muscularis. 7. Where are enteric nervous system plexuses located? The myenteric plexus is located between the longitudinal and circular layers of muscle in the tunica muscularis, the submucous plexusis buried in the submucosa. Mastication 8.
Myositis ossificans means that bone forms within muscle due to a blunt injury that causes deep tissue bleeding in an athlete. For instance, a soccer player that is repeatedly kicked hard in his mid-thigh would develop pain and bruising as a result of the soft tissue being injured. A hematoma would form and ultimately develop into this abnormal bone. Treatment consists of rest, immobilization and anti-inflammatory medication. X-rays can determine whether this has turned into a tumor within the soft tissues.
A famous wheelchair-using trumpet player named John Henry Giles loses his breath and collapses from a lack of oxygen while playing. At the hospital, House is intrigued that John Henry has been paralyzed for two years without sufficient explanation. Cuddy tells House that they are only treating John Henry for pneumonia, since his paralysis is treated by his doctor in California, Marty Hamilton. Foreman, who did a residency with Hamilton, is requested to lead the case. Hamilton had already diagnosed the paralysis as an effect of ALS, which would explain the pneumonia.
This complication of spinal cord surgery is rare, but possible. What part or parts of the body become paralyzed will depend on where the damage is located. Once paralysis occurs, it cannot be reversed. Literature cited * The Textbook of Spinal Surgery by, Keith H. Bridwell (Editor), Ronald L. DeWald (Editor) * Spinal Surgery Written Simply by a Spinal Surgeon by, Kenneth L. Jarolem
These sensations and pain are real to the patient even though the location of the reported pain is not due to the brain still receiving nerve impulses from the nerves that originally carried messages from the missing part. Historically, treatment options have been met with limited success. However, current research offers hope for patients suffering from phantom limb pain. The implication of this research has the potential to dramatically change how nurses care for patients suffering from this form of neuropathic pain This phenomenon was named by renowned American neurologist Silas Weir Mitchell in 1872 who noticed, while caring for Civil War amputees in Pennsylvania, that “thousands of spirit limbs were haunting as many good soldiers, every now and then tormenting them” (Krulwich & Abumrad, 2009, p. 298). Since then, the construct of phantom limb pain has challenged the assumptions regarding the relationship between body and mind because the pain reported by the amputees was thought to be imagined or hallucinatory.
When soldiers came back, surgeons would do there best to reconstruct there face, nose, or what ever was injured badly. Even in the united states around the 1940’s our soldiers had plastic surgery done as well. Back then many people considered them “quacks” because some doctors were not even qualified but performed different procedures on people. Plastic surgery didn’t really take off until the 1970s and 1980’s where it showed significant growth. Plastic surgery is very interesting.