Candle as Combustion Retardant to Candles

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t * ------------------------------------------------- * Chapter 1 Introduction to the Study Chapter 1 is composed of five parts: (1) Background and Theoretical Framework of the Study; (2) Statement of the Problem and Hypothesis; (3) Significance of the Study; (4) Delimitation of the Study; and (5) Definition of Terms. Part One, Background and Theoretical Framework of the Study, presents the introduction and the theoretical and conceptual framework of the research study. Part Two, Statement of the Problem and Hypothesis, states the purpose of the study and the specific questions that the study seeks to answer and the hypothesis to be tested. Part Three, Significance of the Study, states the benefits that could be derived from the study. Part Four, Delimitation of the Study, sets the precise limits in the conduct of the study. Part Five, Definition of Terms, lists alphabetically the research terminologies used in the study for the purpose of clarity and understanding. Background of the Study Candles have cast a light on man's progress for centuries. However, there is very little known about the origin of candles. It is an illuminating device made of a fiber wick enclosed in a cylinder of wax or fatty material. Beeswax candles were used by the Romans, and tallow (animal fat) candles have been made in Europe since the Middle Ages. In the 18th century, spermaceti, a wax obtained from the heads of whales, was introduced for candles. Since the mid-19th century, ordinary candles have been made from mixtures of paraffin wax, stearic acid (a solid fatty acid), and beeswax. Hydrogenated vegetable oils and other waxes are also used. A typical flame is that of a burning candle. When the candle is lighted, the heat of the match melts the wax, which is carried up the wick and then vaporized by the heat. The vaporized wax is then broken down by the heat and,

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