Cancer Pathology Research Paper

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Roshan Scaria Grand Canyon University NRS- 410V Pathophysiology April 13, 2014 Method to cancer care One of the leading causes of death in United States is cancer. In United States each year 1.6 million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than half of the die with cancer or cancer related complications. DNA in the cells carries genetic information in the body. Cells in our body grow, divide and die in an orderly fashion. Cancer occurs when cell grows in out of control. The diagnosis of cancer changes the life of the client and the families. Cancer pathology…show more content…
In Roman numerical system the cancer stages from 0 to IV. When the tumor is localized and not spread to the surrounding tissue it is considered as 0 stage. When tumors are not occupied too deeply and has no spread to the lymph node it is considered as stage I. When tumors are occupied too deeply and has spread to the lymph node and has not spread to the other parts of the body it can stage II or III. When tumor spread to the other part of the body it staged as IV (National Cancer Institute., n.d.). Care approach during staging: Before the staging finalized the client goes through serious of test or even surgery. It is a difficult situation for the client and the family. To relive the anxiety of the patient the health care professionals must give adequate information of the disease and should help them to make the necessary appointments for the test. Health education is very important, health professionals must explains the staging and ensure that stages of the cancer does not change overtime even if the cancer advances.…show more content…
Clients who get cancer treatment are at risk for mental and emotional disturbances. Clients may experience hopelessness, anxiety, grief and mood disorders (National Cancer Institute (NCI)). It can affect the daily living, decision-making ability and can interfere the cancer treatment. Some time these behaviors need professional attention. As per NCI report cancer patients are at risk for suicide due to the mental and emotional disturbance. The major physical complication of cancer is pain. The pressure of the tumor can affect the nerve, which leads to pain. Fatigue is another physical complication due to the chemotherapy and radiation treatment. Adequate rest can relive it. Client may also experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation due to the cancer treatment. Client may experience mild complications like itchy skin, lymphedema, erectile dysfunction, and sleep disorder, hair loss, anemia etc. One of the major complication of cancer is metastasis and it one of the primary reason for death due to cancer. Care approach with cancer

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