The industrial revolution had a profound socioeconomic effect on the world, and Britain became its driving force due to its technological advances, such as James Watt’s steam engine; and Abraham Darby’s use of coke to smelt iron ore. These inventions were able to increase the production of goods by cutting down the time and effort needed to make them. There were several effects to Britain, and indeed the world, because of these developments. Britain manufactured products using raw materials. Raw materials do not make as much money as manufactured products on the world market, as a result industrialized countries made more money.
However, due to the industrial revolution, factory owners and those involved with business had the new wealth of Britain. This new wealthy middle class wanted a say in the running of the country, they argued that because they created a lot of the country’s wealth that they deserved a say in how the country is run. The working class was becoming more politically aware. This ways due to the development of the railways giving them access to political awareness. They thought that as the wealth creators of Britain that they also deserved a say in British politics.
Since its declared independence in the late 1700s, the United States has become one of the most industrialized nations in the world. This was caused by major changes that occurred in society between 1890 and 1920. Social changes included the spike in gangs and tenements, along with changes in the role of African Americans Political reform also took place as a result of social change. Along with social and political change came economic change, which took the shape of legislation such as the Anti Trust laws, which increased exports in the United States between 1870 and 1920. Industrialization also caused an increase in urbanization.
Consequently, this encouraged demand from abroad and wide areas of new trade opened up for Britain to enter. Technological innovation, with the birth of inventions could also account for the growth in industry. Thus it is apparent there are several factors to be considered, concerning the industrial revolution. In any case, the considerable growth of population size in Britain during the eighteenth century, which was stagnant until the 1750s, went from approximately 6.25 million to 10.5 million and provided a prospective labour force, in turn increasing demand for industrial goods. Improved diet and hygiene eliminated disease and housing conditions were enhanced.
Due to businesses like these integrating vertically big businesses were made easier to grow. By 1913, 14.7% was what the US produced units relative to the world in 1880 became 32%. Another point is the fact that through the work of Carnegie, steel has become a major product of the US, this increased the steel production thus providing lots of employment. This results in a massive growth in the economy . Due to big businesses like one of Carnegie’s, small companies which were less profitable were ruined, this resulted in the economy benefiting from monopolies.
Asses the ways in which technology and industrialization and the attendant changes in American social structure altered the lives of threeof the following groups The Industrial Revolution brought great changes to the Western economy and society. Major technological innovations intensified international commercial contacts. Technological innovations helped workers with Agriculture, steam, factories, and the With Agriculture beginning to use machinery, Steam becoming a very important part of everyday life, and factories being able to put in new machinery there was an increase in the position of the government. Change did not always mean progress; with change there came a number of setbacks as well as advances for the people with agriculture beginning to use new machinery the market for food increased. They began to use machinery rather than animals and people.
Evaluate the implications of US industrialization in the period 1919-1929 The impact of industrialization was that it changed the US society by directly impacting the US economy during the period 1919-1929. It can be argued that industrialization had both a positive and negative impact on US society. On a positive note, the nature of industrialization created the economic cycle of the 1920’s as well as built up the strength of the economy making the US the financial leader of the world. However, historians may argue that industrialization had a negative impact on the US, in that it created economic imbalances and created instability and unsustainable structures on which the US economy was based upon. During the period 1919-1929, industrialization had a positive impact on US society by improving the standard of living and working conditions for many Americans.
This would mean a much larger population working in factories and more people easily able to move to Manchester to work. While this would be good for factory production, it also meant overcrowding in the city. Thomas B. Macaulay, a liberal member of Parliament recalled in his essay “Southey’s Colloquies” in the 1830’s that conditions were much better in Manchester because of the effects of manufacturing. He said that because people
This society was crucial in making people in Britain more aware of radicalism; they did this through becoming the leading co-ordinator for a lot of popular reform societies, which together constituted the first nationwide political movement in Britain. Out of fear, the government was forced to follow reactionary policies to make sure radical threats were to be kept at a minimum. If a revolution was to occur the government would lose its power over the people. Another reason why reactionary policies were made was because of the industrial revolution; an impact of this was the growth of urbanisation. More people were moving to the cities and towns; however this meant that more people from the middle/working class were coming together and radical ideas were to starting to rapidly become popular, such as parliamentary reform - radical ideas which were inspired by the French revolution.
Sergei was a key member of the government under the rule of both Alexander III and Nicholas II. Witte’s largest project was to improve the transport across Russia; he did this by improving the Trans-Siberian Railway which was constructed between 1891 and 1902. The line stretched for over 6000 kilometres and was intended to open up the more remote parts of Russia, which would in turn make the production better all over Russia as the produce would be able to be transported quicker across the different industries. Obviously this factor improved the economy as it meant that the country would be able to produce more and quicker. This railway also opened up a range of different jobs, meaning that the unemployment of Russia plummeted.