Book Xiii of the Aeneid, and Its Connection to Virgil

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The Aeneid, written by Virgil, is a prime representation of epic poetry and it encompasses all epic themes. In his attempt to continue the Aeneid, Maffeo Vegio looks to use Virgilian style and tone to tell story Aeneas' story after Aeneas kills Turnus. Although he touches upon some Virgilian techniques, he would be viewed through Virgil's eyes as a sub-par epic poet. Vegio does not capture the Aeneid accurately, partly because he does not stay faithful to the epic dactylic hexameter, and he arouses a different attitude toward the story as perceived by the reader than Virgil does. Some of the Virgilian techniques that Vegio attempts to imitate include the use of epithets, similes and metaphors, role of the gods, symbolism, and various others. One of the techniques of Virgil that Vegio utilizes accurately in his continuation of Virgil's work is the use of epithets. An epithet is a descriptive word, often repeated throughout the work, attached to an important name. Often times in the Aeneid, Virgil uses the epithet “Noble Aeneas.” One example of this epithet is located in Book five, line 21. In Vegio's thirteenth book he uses the very same epithet in lines 327, 376, and 405. In his work, Virgil repeated the same few epithets a number of times. Vegio notices this trend and decides to repeat “noble Aeneas” three times in the same book. In contrast to Virgil, Vegio uses some unprecedented epithets. These unprecedented epithets could be an interpretation of the epithets that Virgil presents. These epithets include “Peerless Aeneas, Peerless Latinus, Good Aeneas,” and “Mighty Aeneas (13. lines 73, 346, 440, and 451 respectively). It is important to consider the definitions of the words prior to the names when examining any bias Vegio may have. Peerless means unmatched, unequaled, or unsurpassed. The thirteenth book of the Aeneid takes place after Aeneas kills Turnus.

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