How Tradition Play a Role In Greek Culture

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Tradition, the written set of standards of behavior which reflect cultural and societal values is a major theme for many Greek authors. Focusing on three in particular, Homer, Sophocles, and Euripides, recurrent themes of prophecy, gods, faith and tragedy are inherent in their writing. These tragedies serve as both the narrative device and a reminder of everyday human reality. In tale after tale, tragedy unfolds. Even some stories that begin happily have unexpected, sad endings for their characters. Human failings, prophecies, and unexpected coincidences all can lead to tragedy. Although all three authors were from different time periods, they incorporated similar concepts of tradition into their work. Homer birth and death was a major figure of ancient Greek oral composition and the author of the earliest and finest epic poem, the Iliad, which was based on the Trojan War. Sophocles who was born around 496 B.C.E - 406 B.C.E was credited with skillfully developing irony as a literary technique. He wrote drama which simultaneously utilized comedy and tragedy; he was one of the first to incorporate both into his plays. Sophocles dramatic plays were influenced by religious and political traditions in the sense that most of his plays came from preexistent religious myth. Euripides on the other hand, born 485 B.C.E - 406 B.C.E was a Sophist, which was a group of people who claim to be able to teach virtue. He used many of his plays to challenge the social norms during his time. As a result he was unable to achieve popularity until he won a collection of playwright contest. All three epic writers used similar traditions into their poems; however, there are some differences. One of the many traditions that all three authors exhibit in there poems is tragedy. In Homer the Iliad, we see a tragedy unfold from the beginning of the play. A lot of things could have been
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