Lastly, the Roman Republic was simply greater than Carthage, and was largely the reason Hannibal lost the Second Punic War. This war demonstrates a story that the populace loves to hear. Carthage was clearly dominant throughout the war, until the final years where Rome emerged victorious. It was such a simple transformation; however, modern historians can still debate for hours about it. Was it Carthage that made a mistake, or did Rome renew itself and fight back against the mighty Carthaginians?
Salvatore Giunta similar to an epic hero. The qualities of ancient Greek heroes do align with modern day heroes. Both modern day heroes and epic heroes are able to be brave when they need to be. Odysseus, an epic hero, was a brave warrior who risked his life for his men when they needed him. Sgt.
In my opinion, the time period from 264 BCE to 146 BCE was very interesting. During this time, we can witness the rise of the Roman Republic as a Mediterranean powerhouse as the Carthaginians and Macedonians (please note that I am not only referring to the Punic Wars in this response, but also a bit on the Roman assimilation of Greece) declined in power, eventually leading to their unfortunate demise at the hands of the Romans. One interesting aspect of this time period was the infamous series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage, known collectively as the Punic Wars. The second interesting aspect of this time period was the rise (and fall, in some cases) of famous figures, most notably Hannibal Barca and Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus
The 1st Punic War is both powers growing and expanding while the 2nd Punic War is one man’s fight Hannibal against Rome and Carthage’s hatred towards Rome. Hannibal will forever be known as Rome’s greatest enemy. Since the East is off limits because of they’re power and Rome has taken it’s islands this pushes Carthage further west to take most of Spain led by Hamilcar. Remembered as one of Carthage’s greatest military leaders. After Hamilcar’s death Hasdrubal takes over which is the son of Hamilcar and takes over Spain for Carthage.
Though they come from different cultures, time periods, and lands, King Arthur and Beowulf do share some similarities and differences. The first and the most vital differences between them is that King Arthur is defined as a romance hero, and Beowulf is said to be an epic hero. According to the myths, an epic hero is a central figure in the epics where he reflects the particular values and heroic ideals of his society. Beowulf, one of the ancient England’s heroes- a brave knight, is described to be the perfect archetype of an epic hero. Like all the epic heroes, this hero of ours “possesses superior physical strength and supremely ethical standards”.
The Parthenon is a beautiful marble temple that served as a model for the architecture of the Lincoln Memorial. The Lincoln Memorial shares these same qualities with the Parthenon but instead, a statue honoring Abraham Lincoln is inside. The ancient Greeks very much enjoyed storytelling especially about heroes. Hercules is a very famous hero of the ancient Greek time who displays many of the same characteristics as America’s own hero, Superman. Hercules and Superman both are not real but Hercules left the impact of showing what an ideal hero looks like.
Maro Virgil, the author of the poem “The Aeneid” was a controversial figure in most Christian texts at the time. His influence in the “Inferno” is clear because Dante uses the name for the leader in the poem. Virgil is an influence in the poem rather than just a fiction figure or character. Dante does not borrow directly from the Aeneid, but expresses his own ideas in different twist. A major difference in the texts is that while Dante uses the underworld to denote hell, Virgil extends the physical world, as we know it.
He writes that the war began when Helen, the wife of King Menelaus left for Troy with Paris, the son of the Trojan King. Helen's husband, with the help of his brother Agamemnon, launched a thousand ships to bring Helen back home. However, this account is challenged by other texts, such as The Histories. Further, the Iliad contains descriptions of the area of Troy, which are compatible with Mycenaean Greece of 2000-1100BC, the time period that the Trojan War is thought to have taken place. The artefacts discovered bear significant attributes much like those described in the Iliad, such as strong fortifications, and arrows and spearheads.
The play “Oedipus Rex” by Sophocles is a wonderfully written Greek tradgedy based on folklore and mythology. There are almost as many interpretations of the meaning of this play as there are versions of it that have been rewritten by other authors. Francis Fergusson and David Wiles both comment on the political aspects of Oedipus Rex and spend some time commenting on the chorus in particular (183). I feel that although Fergusson and Wiles choose different words to describe was the chorus is trying to say, that if you get down to basics, they are both trying to say something extremely similar. Fergusson describes a Sophoclean chorus as an important character or group personality, like an old Parliament or a Prime Minister (237-238).
Homer’s audience however, knew that a war had been fought in Ilios or Troy and accepted the mythology of the poem and the exaggerated feats of its Greek heroes without questioning its historical accuracy. Nonetheless, this source documents the famous oral story of Troy while simultaneously suggesting the citadel and Troy being located as a valuable port and gateway to the Dardenelles and Black Sea. Ajax’s tower shield is consistent with Bronze Age shields depicted in artwork, in both shape and size. The details in the Homerian epic