Binge Eating Behaviour Explained Through Psychoanalytic Theory and Self-Determination Theory

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BINGE EATING BEHAVIOUR EXPLAINED THROUGH PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY AND SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY In explaining behaviours, personality theories may provide different perspectives as to the causes of that behaviour. The four different perspectives in personality theory include the psychoanalytic, the humanistic, the behaviorist and the trait/ dispositional. It may seem that certain behaviors are better explained by one of these approaches over the other. The behaviour concerned for this paper is binge eating behaviour. This paper will explain binge eating behavior through the psychoanalytic perspective of Sigmund Freud and the humanistic perspective of Ryan and Deci. And then each perspective will be critically evaluated in its capability to explain binge eating behavior in people. Binge eating behaviour in people is characterised by compulsive overeating, in which a person ingests a large amount of food during a discrete period of time, while experiencing a lack of control and feeling powerless to stop eating (Mayo Clinic, 2012). People who binge eat, often eat in the absence of hunger and continue eating long after they are full. People who binge often gorge in isolation. A binge eating episode only ends when all the desirable binge foods have been consumed or the person feels too full to continue eating. Freud suggests that the motivation for binge eating behaviour can be traced to the sex instinct or drive, also referred to as the libido. According to Freud (1905, 1916), the mouth is capable of producing sexual pleasure. For Freud, binge eating behaviour in people reflects the unresolved oral stage from childhood due to oral urges that were not adequately satisfied. Therefore, engaging in binge eating behaviour is regarded as a consequence of the oral fixation (Freud, 1916). The oral stage takes place in the first year of life, where the libido is organised
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