Hart, P. R. and C. J. Lloyd, 'Lyons, Joseph Aloysius (Joe) (1879 - 1939)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, Melbourne University Press, 1986 7. Hughes, William M. Bond or free : Sir Otto Niemeyers’ report, William Homer: Sydney, 1930. 8. Laing, J. T, The Turbulent Years, Alpha Books, 1970 9. Lowe, David, Riot Acts The History of Australia Rioting, ICS & Associates Pty Ltd, Sydney 1993 10.
Retrieved September 2014, from The Conversation: http://theconversation.com/reconciliation-or-r-cup-ration-indigenous-soldiers-in-wwi-29539 Red Apple Education Ltd. (2014). Australia and World War I; Different Perspectives of War; Indigenous People. Retrieved September 2014, from Skiwrk.com.au-Interactive Schooling: http://www.skwirk.com/p-c_s-14_u-42_t-49_c-147/indigenous-people/nsw/history/australia-and-world-war-i/different-perspectives-of-the-war?_sm_au_=isVk8FFnjLJvZFsR The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889-1931). (1916, April 29). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889-1931).
&White, R. (2007) Juvenile Justice; Youth and Crime in Australia, (3rd Ed.) pp 141-163. Victoria, Aust: Oxford University press Calma, T. (2009) Investing in Indigenous youth and communities to prevent crime; Indigenous young people, crime and justice conference. Australian Institute of Criminology. Accessed August 13th from http://www.hreoc.gov.au/about/media/speeches/social_justice/2009/20090831_AIC.html Cottle, C. Lee, R. & Heilbrun, K. (2001) The Prediction of Criminal Recidivism in Juveniles; A Meta-Analysis.
She is a campaigner for the rights of Indigenous Australians and South Sea Islanders. Bandler is best known for her leadership in the campaign for the 1967 referendum on Aboriginal Australians. Bandler is a native of Tumbulgum, New South Wales. A 1993 portrait of Bandler, by artist Margaret Woodward, is held by the State Library of New South Wales. Faith Bandler * Reproaches the Australian community for moving too slowly towards true reconciliation and racial equality after the quick progress made in the 1960’s.
Fight for Native Title: Mabo’s case triumphs Mabo v Queensland (no.2) 1992 On June 3rd 1992, five Murray Islanders home to the Torres Strait Islands in Australia held a legal action against the Government of Queensland in order to claim recognition of the rights to the use, enjoyment and occupancy of their traditional land which had been stolen off them prior to the annexation by the defending government. The judgments made by the High Court of Australia, initiated the legal doctrine of ‘native title’ into the Australian law, which was in favour of the plaintiffs bringing the case to court. This recognized that the Indigenous Australians did in fact have ownership to the possession of the land that was referred to as “terra nullius”, nobody’s
Learning /Assessment Task 1:Short Essay (1000 words) “Is that you Ruthie” by Ruth Hegarty should be included as a resource for Indigenous Studies as students will gain an understanding of how events and Government policies of the past impacted on people, economics and society today. The “Aboriginal Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act 1897 (Qld)” was instigated by a report written by Archibald Meston and was introduced with added restrictions on the sale of opium. “Is that you Ruthie” by Ruth Hegarty is the winner of the 1998 David Unaipon Award for Aboriginal Writers. It is a true and accurate explanation of not only the life of Ruth Hegarty but also of her family and the other Aboriginals held at Cherbourg Mission from the 1930`s.Rhonda Craven states for education to be effective ‘it must be seen in the political context of contemporary Australia’(1999:16). All indigenous Australians became subject to the provisions of the “Aboriginals Protection and Restriction of the sale of Opium Act 1897 (Qld)”, (referred to hereafter as The 1897 Act).
From: Ivan Tabal To: Loretta Iffland On: Friday, August 30, 2013 During: Period 4, Day 5 Australian Identity The Australian Identity is constantly on a state of evolution. In particular, the diversity of ethnic groups has led to Australia's multicultural society, breaking the barriers of what used to be known as a 'white colony'. This is appropriated through Komninos Zervos' poem 'Noboby Calls Me a Wog, Anymore' and Dorothy MacKellar's 'My Country', along with Duncan MacGregor's 'National Insecurity', elucidates the notion of multiculturalism through the characterization of the writers' individual experiences with being Australian. Through racism and inequality, Komninos expresses his identity through his poem "Nobody calls me
AUSTRALIA’S BLACK LEGAL HISTORY Formally representing King George III’s prerogative power, Captain Cook’s symbolic claiming of Australia for Britain on January 26 1788 interrupted a 40,000 year land use tradition that had existed under a grundnorm quite alien to that which Australian Aboriginals were to be subjugated. THE PREROGATIVE POWERS AVAILABLE TO GEORGE III IN 1788 English law assigns powers to acquire new territory to the Crown as part of its prerogative.” As the Crown has discretion to determine the extent of its dominions, it is informative to consider its intentions concerning territorial acquisition. King George III’s exercise of his prerogative powers between 1788 and 1823 become a crucial factor affecting New South Wales Aboriginal inhabitants. Disputes concerning whether Australia would become a settled or conquered colony were determined by the exercise of prerogative powers relating to the conduct of foreign affairs, and as such, were unchallengeable by the courts , providing the Crown an opportunity to play a pivotal role in determining territorial acquisition. Much of the unease expressed in the cases following stem from use of this prerogative and
Viewed 21 August 2014 5.Terry Newman Extracts: Becoming a Penal Colony Viewed 20 August 2014 6.Hammell,s 1992 ‘Convict Tickets of Leave in NSW 1788 to 1850 TICKET OF LEAVE REGULATIONS: Part 3 Aftermath of the Bigge Report: Governors Brisbane and Darling updated 2008 viewed 18 august 2014 http://users.tpg.com.au/shammell/tl053z.htm 7.Tom o’ lincoln , nd,Our infant might Working class struggle before the gold
Quadrant, 52/9, 86. Cases * Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd (1920) 28 CLR 129 * Commonwealth v Tasmania (Tasmanian Dam Case) (1983) 158 CLR 1 * New South Wales v Commonwealth ("Seas and Submerged Lands Act Case") (1975) 135 CLR 337 * Victoria v Commonwealth (1957) 99 CLR