Background Story Arthur Miller

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Background story about Arthur Miller. I’m going to talk a little about the writer of the play, Arthur Miller and his relation to the Crucible and why he decided to heavily criticize McCarthyism. * Arthur Miller 1915 - 2005 * * Arthur Miller was born in Harlem, New York City and was a prominent figure in American theatre, most famous for his plays “Death of a Salesman” and “The Crucible”. He is considered to be one of the greatest dramatists of the twentieth century. * * There is a somewhat controversial debate about whether or not Arthur Miller was a communist, ‘officially’ it is considered to be untrue. Although it is indicated that he was a somewhat socialist sympathiser. * * During the McCarthy trials many famous writers and actors were accused, such as Charlie Chaplin, and Hemingway including Miller. He is also very famous for not being willing to give up names of communist party members. It is commonly believed that he was accused because of his heavy criticism through the Crucible and his own liberal ideology and never actually was part of any communist party. And in his obituary he was considered a heroic liberal resister against the thought control of McCarthyism. * * However I found out, through several sources, that this might not be the full story. In an interview in the book about him from 2007 (Trinity of Passion) he said he was deeply influenced by Marxism during university years. * He is said to have been a member of the communist party CPUSA in the forties. And, which is somewhat unconfirmed, supposedly he wrote under the pseudonym Matt Wayne as a theatre critic in “New Masses” a Marxist newspaper. He also wrote, under this pseudonym, several Marxist columns and essays. * * * With this perspective it is easy to understand the motive behind a play like “The Crucible”, although not only

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