Most scholars of Pre-Columbian civilization see human sacrifice among the Aztecs as a part of the long cultural tradition of human sacrifice in Mesoamerica. Contents [hide] 1 The antecedents of Mesoamerican sacrifice 2 The role of sacrifice in Mesoamerica 2.1 The 52-year cycle 3 Sacrifices to specific gods 3.1 Huitzilopochtli 3.2 Tezcatlipoca 3.3 Huehueteotl 3.4 Tlaloc 3.5 Xipe Totec 4 The Flower Wars 5 The sacrifice ritual 6 Estimates of the scope of the sacrifices 7 Discussion of primary sources 7.1 Accounts from the Grijalva expeditions 7.2 Juan Díaz 7.3 Bernal Díaz
The Aztecs lived in the valley of Mexico. They too had a polytheistic religion. Some of their gods were nature deities and other were patron deities. They had a supreme god, but he wasn’t as important compared to others. They also needed human sacrifice.
Sacrifice: The Aztec Past time Merriam Webster (2014) defines sacrifice as “an act of giving up something that you want to keep especially in order to get or do something else or to help someone” (p. 1). Every Mesoamerican society practiced sacrifice in some way, including the Mayans, Incans, and especially the Aztecs. The question is why was sacrifice so prevalent in these societies? The primary reason for sacrifice in Mesoamerican culture is religion. Of all Mesoamerican cultures the Aztecs were the most war-like.
According to the given information the religious, economic, and political traditions of the Aztecs, best describe their society. Their religion was a unique one in which they were loyal to the gods and their agriculture which was truly innovative. The most prominent feature of the Aztecs is their religious traditions, especially their sacrificial rituals. The Aztec civilization is very religious, such as making an enemy warrior into that of a living god of which they gave the finest royalties to until the end of the year, at which the Aztecs publicly dismembered him. The process in which they sacrifice their victims in their ritual is that they slice open the chest and withdraw the heart and raise it to the sun, then throw into the shrine
It was believed that the Mayan’s were priests and scribes and very peaceful but not all of the Maya culture was due to the Mayan war between city-states and the torture and human sacrifice in their religious rituals. The Mayan civilization was one of the most dominant societies of Mesoamerica; they were centered in one geographical area. During the peak of the Mayan civilization (A.D. 250 to 900), they build large stone cities and monuments. During the Classic Maya civilization, there were 40 cities, the population in each city help between 5,000 and 50,000 people. At one time it could have reached 2,000,000 in population at the peak.
The Etruscan believed that every physical phenomenon was a clear act of divine power and this power could be dissuaded or persuaded to favor human acts. The Etruscan had a god for everything: The sun, Catha and Usil; a civil god, Selvans; Turan, the goddess of love; there was a god for war, a god for the moon, etc. The Etruscan afterlife was negative, gods were hostile and were said to bring misfortune, so their religion was centered on interpreting the will of the gods and satisfying it. The Egyptian's had a large belief in the afterlife, and also believed heavy in divine right. They believed that every human being was composed of physical and spiritual parts or aspects.
I like the way they worship their god and the way of thinking. Also, I like the sport that they played, death for them wasn't a big deal because they had their god that would help them. To start with, The Aztecs had many beliefs. They believed the sun fought darkness every night. They believed the earth was flat.
Allison Helton History of World Civilization II Research Paper February 3, 2013 Aztec Religion and Afterlife The Aztec religion was a complex, polytheistic set of beliefs, rituals, and gods. They were extremely violent and incorporated war and sacrifice in very much of their lives. The rituals and gods helped them to separate the aspect of death and life on a daily basis. The Aztecs were not only very into sacrifice and violence, but also relied on the aspect of nature and the world in order to understand weather, agriculture, etc. Their religion and views were so complex and impressive, that they even spread to the cultures around them.
At the centre of Teotihuacan there was a large pyramid the Pyramid of the Sun which had great religious significance (Pre-Columbian Art and Art History website) built over a large natural cave. Religion was such a powerful tool for running the city to the extent that thousands of people were willing to move themselves and their families to live within a ‘grid plan’ (Scarre, 2009) of the city set out by the central powers, they were also willing to give their lives to fight for their city and sacrifice themselves to the gods. Lots of the artwork found at the site depict that The Temple of the Feathered Serpent was where the young male sacrifices were offered up to their God. The influence of Teotihuacan has been observed at the nearby Tikal site ‘recent hieroglyphic and iconographic evidence suggests that a group of foreigners, bearing titles and insignia associated with the site of Teotihuacan arrived’ (Pre-Columbian Art and Art History,n.d) these foreigners would have bought with them the laws and influences of Teotihuacan therefore converting Tikal to their religion and increases the kings