Incas, Mayas and Aztec

889 Words4 Pages
The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations (living in Mexico and Central America) while the Incas lived in South America. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. The Mayans are credited for the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and engineering skills. All three were great civilizations. The Mayans made several breakthroughs in these fields. This includes the invention of the Mayan calendars, one with 260 days and the other with 365 days. The Aztecs made many other inventions, as they made advances in math and astronomy, as well. The Incas also made discoveries in math, which led to the making of the quipu and other tools. The Mayan civilization began about 3,000 years ago in what is today Mexico. They grew crops and had roads connecting the cities for travel and trade. Most Mayans lived in simple homes made with mud walls. Two of the great Mayan cities were Copan and Tikal. Mayan society was divided into different social classes. Priests were at the top of Mayan society. The priests performed the religious ceremonies that the Mynas believed were needed for their crops to grow and their warriors to be successful in battle. Government officials, warriors and nobles were also in the upper classes of Mayan society. People of high social class would were special clothing to set them apart from the other Maya. farmers were in the lowest Mayan social classes. Slaves, who were usually prisoners of war, were the bottom of Mayan society. Many Mayan cities had pyramids with temples on top that were used for religious ceremonies. The priests were powerful because the Mayans believed that only the priests could perform the religious ceremonies that were needed to please the Mayan gods. They made accurate calendars and could
Open Document