Aztec Sacrifice Essay

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Human sacrifice was a religious practice characteristic of pre-Columbian Aztec civilization, as well as of other Mesoamerican civilizations like the Maya and the Zapotec. The extent of the practice is debated by modern scholars. Spanish explorers, soldiers and clergy who had contact with the Aztecs between 1517, when an expedition from Cuba first explored the Yucatan, and 1521, when Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, made observations of and wrote reports about the practice of human sacrifice. For example, Bernal Díaz's The Conquest of New Spain includes eyewitness accounts of human sacrifices as well as descriptions of the remains of sacrificial victims. In addition, there are a number of second-hand accounts of human sacrifices written by Spanish friars that relate the testimony of native eyewitnesses. The literary accounts have been supported by archeological research. Since the late 1970s, excavations of the offerings in the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan, Teotihuacán's Pyramid of the Moon, and other archaeological sites, have provided physical evidence of human sacrifice among the Mesoamerican peoples.[1][2][3] A wide variety of explanations and interpretations of the Aztec practice of human sacrifice have been proposed by modern scholars. Most scholars of Pre-Columbian civilization see human sacrifice among the Aztecs as a part of the long cultural tradition of human sacrifice in Mesoamerica. Contents [hide] 1 The antecedents of Mesoamerican sacrifice 2 The role of sacrifice in Mesoamerica 2.1 The 52-year cycle 3 Sacrifices to specific gods 3.1 Huitzilopochtli 3.2 Tezcatlipoca 3.3 Huehueteotl 3.4 Tlaloc 3.5 Xipe Totec 4 The Flower Wars 5 The sacrifice ritual 6 Estimates of the scope of the sacrifices 7 Discussion of primary sources 7.1 Accounts from the Grijalva expeditions 7.2 Juan Díaz 7.3 Bernal Díaz

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