Attitudes, Legislation, And Litigation

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Valinda Hinkey SPE 226 March 7, 2012 Betty Cokeley Attitude, Legislation and Litigation Prior to the mid 60’s and early 70’s education looked really bleak for individuals with disabilities. There were instances when individuals with disabilities and their families were discriminated against until they became more vocal and politically active. It took court decisions and efforts by the legislature before positive changes of how America would treat individuals with disabilities (Inclusion: The Pros and Cons, 2012). Social Implications - It is important to build a social understanding of disabilities in order to marginalize or eliminate the negative attitudes toward individuals with disabilities. Attitudes are often defined as moods, behavior, and thought processes combined with beliefs and feelings (Hannon, 2009). Early on, in history, individuals with disabilities were looked down upon, were often institutionalized, hidden from the public, abandoned, and in some less fortunate cases were even killed. Entering the 21st century the view on individuals with disabilities changed from being discriminated against to inclusion and support (Hardmann, 2011). Until the mid -70’s throughout history most public schools were allowed to refuse any students they considered “uneducable.” (Martin, 1996). Legislation and Litigation – The realization of where would we be at today in reference to individuals with disabilities if it were not for legislation and litigations. Prior to the legislation stepping up, and the litigations that occurred, the lives of students with disabilities were pretty dim. There was no hope, there were no rights, and definitely no respect and understanding of what these individuals and their families endured at the hands of ignorant individuals. Understanding – The understanding of students with disabilities comes from many directions and has
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