language and socialisation) Explain the course of development according to these descriptions That is, a theory must account for the transitions from one point in development to another and must identify causal variables affecting transition * Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. # * Reading Chp 6 Boyd & Bee, (2009) PLAN Initial outline of essay Bowlby’s attachment theory was initially developed and then revdeveoped in ollboration with Mary Ainsworth (1969) using their Ganda study The contribution of attachment theory to the social and emotional development of children is critical in assessing the healthy and secure attachment of children to their mother, first and foremost, then, as the child develops through 54 weeks and 2-3 years old – that they begin to relate positively to key carers that play an integral and familiar role in their life. These relationships play a role and can, if the child has had an unstable home and parental environment during their early development, affect detrimentally their ability to form new bonds as adolecscents and possibly adults. However, a child raised in a stable and emotionally secure environment, will develop secure and
Person-Centered Theory Liberty University Online PSYC 371-B05 Abstract I will be discussing the Person-Centered Theory first introduced by Carl Rogers in 1941 as “non-directive counseling” (Corey, 2013). A brief history of the life of Carl Rogers and his accomplishments will be given and how the theory started and how it has developed over the years. Person-Centered Therapy is used and applied to treat a vast amount of problems. It may be used in one on one counseling sessions, schools, group, family, work and social institutions. I will highlight some of the most significant problem areas that this therapy is used for plus discuss the strengths and weaknesses of this theory.
Diploma in Therapeutic Counselling Unit Title: K/601/7632 Counselling Theory Unit Summary: Learners will analyse one major therapeutic model to influence, inform and empower their practice as a counsellor. They will also compare other therapeutic models with the major model. Learner name: Claire Bracegirdle Tutor name: Margaret Shacklady Learning outcome 1 – understand a major therapeutic model of counselling Assessment Criteria 1.1 Analyse the philosophy of one major therapeutic model in relation to . Its origins . Historical development to the present day .
Reflection by Eve Watkins January 2014 This is an honest account and reflection of an incident which occurred on CDS. Reflection is said to provide an additional emphasis on the self to promote self awareness and self evaluation (Riley-Doucet and Wilson 1997). I will use John’s model of structured reflection, 13th edition (2003) to guide me through my reflection in an attempt to clarify my thought processes and in an attempt to consolidate the learning experience. John’s (1995) used Carper’s patterns of knowing in the 10th edition of his model of structured reflection but added the dimension of reflexivity (appendix 1). He then used this notion of reflexivity to further develop the model in practice cummilating in the 13th edition.
Personality Characteristics Gary S Hanna PSYCH/504 March 31, 2012 Dr. Shelia Rapa Personality Characteristics My objective in this paper is to evaluate my personality characteristics. I will examine at least three different personality characteristics and apply my life experiences to explain how the characteristics evolved. I will assess how my early development stages, family, and social relationships, and educational background have affected my social and occupational decisions. People can be either extroverts or introverts, depending on the course of their actions; Thinking, Temperament, Detecting, Perception, fitting to their own information pathways; Assessing or Perceiving, depending on the manner in which they deal with received information (Pervin, John, & Cervone, 2005). During early childhood, I was an extrovert, faced to interact with the public at an early age.
Personality Reflection Amanda Fox-Markley PSY/250 July 2, 2012 Jorey L. Krawczyn, Ed. D. Personality Reflection In this paper I will explain how I would define personality, and some of the key personality features that define me. I will also discuss if my personality features are consistent or if they change with different situations. I will also explain whether I have taken a personality test prior, and what was my reaction to the analysis. Finally I will discuss what I believe would make a personality test reliable and valid.
In terms of being described as a cognitive behavioral approach, it would be labeled as schemata (Mones, et. al., 2007) IFS assumes that the mind is made up an infinite number of these subpersonalities, which it labels as “parts.” Each of these parts represents different aspects of personality. They interact internally in ways that are similar to external social interactions between people. Parts develop their own system of interacting with each other, and become more complex as we age and gain new experiences. This internal “family” of parts is why the theory is named as it is.
Critically discuss attachment theory In this essay I shall attempt to define what attachment theory is, briefly go over its history, look at the most important people who have formed and influenced this theory and then finally discuss any criticisms of the theory. Before I look at each of these and to help in the examination of this question, I feel that I should, first define what attachment theory is. According to Kagan et el (1978 cited in Gross 2010:494) an attachment is an intense emotional relationship that is specific to two people, that endures over time, and in which prolonged separation from the partner is accompanied by stress and sorrow. Pearce (2009:13) says that “attachment is a term used to describe the dependency relationship a child develops towards his or her primary caregivers.” As you can see from the two quotes there is already a slight difference as Kagan is more general, while Pearce is more specific. Pearce (2009:13) goes on to say “It is more observable during the latter half of the first year of life and develops progressively over the first four years of life.” It must also be pointed out that we are not born with attachment but “this special relationship emerges over time and through a series of stages” Pearce (2009:19).
THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT OF FIRE BRIGADES IN THE NORTH-WEST PROVINCE DISSERTATION SUBMITTED FOR THE DEGREE MAGISTER IN SUPERVISOR: POTCHEFSTROOM JANUARY 2008 THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT OF FIRE BRIGADES IN THE NORTH-WEST PROVINCE V VELDSMAN 2008 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 1 ABSTRACT This dissertation set out to assess selected psychological contract literature in an attempt to support and describe the developing understanding regarding the distinctive character of today's work agreements and work environment in South Africa's public sector, and more specifically that of the fire brigade in the North West Province. This aim of this dissertation therefore was to provide practical knowledge and future research directions, and to fill in several gaps in the knowledge concerning the psychological contract. In this comprehensive study consideration was given to the psychological contract of the fire brigades of the North-West Province. Chapter 1 comprised the diverse parts of the problem statement and the research objectives in which the general objective and specific objectives were expounded. Chapter 2 gave insight into the term psychological contract by looking into its history and origin.
Personality Reflection Thomas Colt March 14, 2011 PSY/250 HATTIE CARROLL-RATLIFF This paper will be discussing many different things about three well known psychologists Freud, Adlers and Jung. The first part I will compare what the three had in common and the differences between them and then I will also talk about a couple of characteristics of there theories that I agree with. The next part will be about describing the stages of Freud’s theory and I will also be explaining characteristics of personality using these components. The last part in this paper I will be describing the uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms with real-life examples. Psychoanalysis—Freud's innovative treatment method in which the patient is encouraged to speak freely about memories, associations, fantasies and dreams and which relies on Freud's theories of interpretation—was Freud's noble cause and, for a time, it was Alfred Adler's and Carl Jung's as well.