Attachment Theory Essay

3370 Words14 Pages
AThe Centre of Therapy Essay Submission Sheet Date of Essay Submission- | Friday 10th February 2012 | Name of Essay- | Attachment Theory | Identification Number- | 2005 | This essay is going to give my own understanding and personal appreciation of the relevance of Attachment Theory to the formation and maintenance of relationships. In doing so, I will discuss the work of both John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth which will help me explain how early relationships are predictive of lifelong interpersonal styles and I will appropriately identify and discuss the various attachment styles including my own. Furthermore this composition will explore the impact of the Attachment styles on the therapeutic alliance and Illustrates how attachment styles are expressed in terms of CBT with reference to the case formulation. Bowlby is credited as the father of Attachment Theory which assumes early experiences in childhood will have an important influence on development and behaviour in later life and our early attachment styles are established in childhood through the infant, caregiver relationship which in turn leads to internal working models which shape and influence the person’s thoughts, feelings and expectations in later relationships. Therefore these styles remain with us into adulthood effecting how we make and maintain relationships. Bowlby dedicated wide-ranging research to the concept of Attachment describing it as a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings” (Bowlby, 1969, 194). He believed that attachment had an evolutionary element, is hard wired and instinctual: “The propensity to make strong emotional bonds to particular individuals [is] a basic component of human nature" (Bowlby, 1988, 3). Bowlby believed that there are four distinguishing characteristics of attachment: 1. Proximity Maintenance - The

More about Attachment Theory Essay

Open Document