They believe that people may be biological more attracted to committing crime than others for example, they believe traits such as aggression and risk taking are inborn in the person and this causes them to commit crimes. They also think that the socialisation of the person leads to their tendency towards crime. They believe, like conservatives and new rightist, that the nuclear family is the best form of socialisation and avoiding crime Another right realist, Charles Murray, believes that the rising crime rates may be due to a rising ‘underclass’, those who are defined by deviant behaviour and fail to socialise their children properly. As mentioned in item a, right realists also believe that the state plays a big part in the rtes of crime. As people can rely on the state to supply them with money people are less encouraged to go out and work to end their money, fathers no longer need to support their children as lone parents can live off benefits, there
The media portray criminals and victims as older and more middle class than those found typically in the criminal justice system. Felson (1998) calls this the age fallacy. Media coverage exaggerates police success in clearing up cases. This is partly because the police are a major source of crime stories and want to present themselves in a good light and partly because the media over represent violent crime which has higher clear up rates than property crime. The media exaggerate the risk of victimisation especially to women, higher status individuals and whites.
As he is unable to achieve these luxuries through work, he may turn to criminal activity because he wants to be like his peers as he feels pushed out. Sociologists believe that to some extent, relative deprivation is the key cause of crime in society however there are some other aspects that affect this. Sub-cultural theories are a belief of some sociologists where crime is explained by saying that criminals learn how to commit these crimes from their peer groups or subculture. Cohen in 1955 completed a study on working class boys in North America and found that they were easily involved in gangs. One aspect that was said to have pushed them away from the education system and towards these gangs was because they had middle class standards and values and these boys were unable to live up to the high expectations of these teachers.
Neither model allows for the “right” or “wrong” method, but simply debates the amount of government involvement, so both are equally important to understand. What role does law enforcement play? Under the crime control model, law enforcement plays a very large role as this model is based on the theory that crime is reduced from more arrests, convictions, and harsher sentencing. This increases the amount of officers in given areas to provide a more “tough on crime” standard of policing. According to Packers theory, the crime control model also leans more toward the idea that the costs associated with providing criminals “rights” are wasteful and would be better applied towards building new prisons and hiring more police officers (Packer, 1968).
Power-control theory beliefs that young men in patriarchal families will be likely than their sisters to commit crimes. So in more egalitarian families, there should be more equal rates of crime for boys and girls. Linking to changes in the structure of the American family could be speculated to the increasingly egalitarian family structures. Where fathers presumably pay more attention to their children and boys are therefore more controlled than they would be in a more traditional patriarchal family where the father works and the mother cares for the family. 2.
There is also a lot of research into the patterns of victimizations of females. There is clear evidence that crimes committed against females are different to crimes which are committed against men. We can also see a clear difference between the punishment of Men and Women. Although, some may say that women have it ‘easier’ due to factors such as ‘The Chivalry Theory’, but some Women who commit crime are seen as worse than when men commit crime, this is because women are judged as 'they should have known better’. There are many different theories behind why women may offend.
I show more white people than statistically what the truth is in terms of street crime. If you look at the prisons it’s 60-something percent people of color, and 30-something percent of white people. If you look at COPS it’s 60 percent white and 40 percent colored, it’s just the reverse. And I do that intentionally, because I don’t want to contribute to negative stereotypes.” Langley admits to censoring black crime for political reasons not because he is racist. Research has shown that African Americans are over-represented in news reports on crime, and within those stories, they are more likely to be shown as the perpetrators of the crime than as the persons reacting to or suffering from it.
The working class gain a desire for material things, but breaking the law may be the only way that they can acquire the consumer good that they desire. breaking the law is a small price to pay for the reward that the success brings them in turn. This of course would bring a rise in the amount of working class people committing crimes. Another reason this may lead to a rise in crime may be that the ruling class alienate the working class as they only and this leads to frustration and eventually aggression which can cause them to hit out at the ruling class with violence or vandalism. On the other hand crime is not just pigeon hold to the working class as the ruling class may get a
The fear of an aggressor “outing” their victim varies between lesbian and gay couples (Messinger, 2011, p.2233). Lesbian victims are much more likely to call the police in a battering case than gay men. A possible theory for this occurrence would be that society has socially constructed the belief that it is much more acceptable for a women to come out as a homosexual than a man. To protect
The issue of sex offenders is one of the most complexes to be found within the law enforcement community. Very few criminal demographics evoke the same amount of rage and disgust as sex offenders, and that fact combined with their traditionally sky high recidivism rate puts sex offenders in a criminal category all their own. It is clear that sex offenders need to be dealt with in a way that is very different from other forms of criminals. Some authorities have even publicly voiced the idea of sterilizing sex offenders. With radical ideas such as this floating around and even gaining traction, it is clear that more research needs to be done regarding sex offenders specifically to figure out a way to limit the crime as much