Artificial Sweetener Essay

859 WordsOct 8, 20114 Pages
Sugar is used for energy and artificial sugar is basically a no calorie sugar, known as artificial sweeteners. Sugar also known as sucrose has 4 calories per gram and Sugar substitutes are also known as artificial sweetener and are used to limit food energy during dieting, to reduce the calories in food and drinks, to reduce the formation of dental plaque, and to help regulate blood sugar levels in diabetic individuals. You’ll find approximately around 5-6 artificial sweeteners at your local grocery store, such as Equal, Sweet N’Low, Splenda, NutraSweet, Sunette (Grimes, 2008). Artificial Sweeteners may be natural products such as sorbitol or xylitol, and like saccharin, sucralose or aspartame. The USDA approved five of the following non-caloric sweeteners: saccharin, aspartame, sucralose, neotame, and acesulfame potassium (Zamora, 2011). Saccharin was discovered in 1879. It is the oldest sweetener and commonly found in pink packets also known as Sweet'N Low. It is 300 times sweeter than sucrose with an after bitter taste. The use of saccharin increased during World War I due to sugar shortages, and during the 1960s because of its production in usage of low-calorie foods (Zamora, 2011). Saccharin is used to sweeten drinks, candies, medicines, and toothpaste. In 1972, the USDA tried unsuccessfully to ban the use of this sweetener after research showed that it increased the rate of cancer in rats, but the warning labels were the only result in 2000. The NIH had removed saccharin from its list of carcinogens and later on the warning labels were also removed. The ingredients of Sweet'N Low are dextrose, 3.6% soluble saccharin, and small amounts of anti-caking agents. Ten grams of Sweet'N Low contain approximately 9 g of dextrose and provide 36 calories. The same weight of sugar provides 39 calories (Zamora, 2011). Aspartame is 200 times sweeter than natural sugar and
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