The Coffin of Pedi-Osiris, Pedi-Osiris was also known as the Lord of the Underworld, was made between the years of 305 BC-30 AD by various Egyptian artists using an Egyptian mummification process. The coffin, standing at more than 7 feet tall and large enough to contain the Priest, who enclosed in numerous layers of linen cloth, was made to resemble religious semiology and linear decorations using wood, polychrome, gold inlay and paint. Egyptian religion believed in resurrection after death and coffins were made to represent the life after death in order to ensure a successful rebirth. The artists used elaborate and detailed scenes using linear designs and hieroglyphs engravings on the sarcophagus to instruct and assist the Priest on his journey the through the underworld into the afterlife. The ancient Egyptian sarcophagi included illustrations depicting animals, religious proceedings and funerals that are painted on both sides of the coffin.
Ancient Egyptian Religion The Force Behind Everything As the ancient Egyptian religion was an important part of everyday life for all Egyptians (rich and poor), they built a great many temples and had shrines in their homes. The term used to describe ancient Egyptian theology is Polytheism. This just means that they believed in many Gods. Gods were not only formless entities with certain roles - but the Gods were also the forces of nature, the elements, and the characteristics of certain powers. Some Egyptian Gods merged with foreign Gods too.
These temples were not only dedicated to Amon Ra and his family but they also had giant statues showing tribute to Ramses as well. The Karnak and Luxor temples both had areas of Heliopolis which are areas where intelligent people go to talk to other intelligent people. Most of the intelligent people were scribes. Most, if not all, of the writing on the walls and halls of the Karnak and Luxor Temples were engraved by scribes. They were paid more and were highly educated compared to everyone else in Egypt except the Pharaohs and other Scribes.
The royal Egyptian art was mostly crafted in a two dimensional twisted perspective. delicate patterns and symbols were used all over the pallete, statues and scupltures. Every little details on the artworks have their own meanings such as the god and godess, the ancester of the pharaohs. Animals like bulls, lions and cats are widely used to symbolize sacred deities. The art were mostly preserved very well due to the materials used were meant to last.
The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to record and communicate information about the religion and government. Therefore, they invented written scripts that could be use to hold and record this information. The most famous Egyptian script was hieroglyphic, however throughout the three thousand years of history, at least three other scripts were used for different objectives. The scripts were tools for scribes, so that they were able to preserve the beliefs, history, and ideas of ancient Egypt on papyrus scrolls. One of the most unique traits of the Egyptians was their architectural innovation for building pyramids.
The plumbing system was such a big achievement for the people of the Indus, because it was more sanitary. So because of the plumbing system, the Indus was one of the most advanced civilization in their time. Greece was also a great civilization. The Greeks created myths or traditional stories about their gods. Most, if not all, of the characters were men.
The Greek used pottery to also pass messages. They wrote on the hardened clay and the message was passed down. They would sometimes use the same pot for days writing messages back and forth. A large number of the scenes painted on the pottery illustrate the myths and legends of the ancient Greeks. Because of pottery’s durability, it comprises a large part of the archaeological record of the Ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it, it has exerted a large influence on the understanding of Greek society.
9th grade Ancient Egyptian Art Ancient Egyptian art is the painting, sculpture, architecture and many other arts produced by the civilization in the Nile Valley from 5000 BC to 300 AD. Ancient Egyptian art reached a high level in painting and sculpture, and was both stylized and symbolic. Most of the remaining art can be found in tombs and monuments. Symbolism played an important role in Egyptian art. Animals were usually also very symbolic figures in Egyptian art.
The rulers devoted their time to the design and decoration of extensive funerary complexes, as well as the pyramids and subterranean tombs. The Egyptian funerary practices were from Osiris, and his belief in the continuity of life after death. The dead would a “last judgment” that consisted of two tests done by Osiris and supervised by the god, Anubis. The artists of Mesopotamia and Egypt helped create the symbolic visual language. They depended on the natural color of their materials from the earth to get the colors they wanted.
Oval in shape, it had incredible interconnecting corridors that would lead to six tiers of seats, thus allowing a huge audience to sit within its walls. One can only imagine the atmosphere and acoustics within such a place in its time. It is believed by many researchers that Roman design was based on Greek precedent, in my opinion Roman and Greek architecture appear to stand together in many aspects of their designs, yet the Romans seem to have been able to take everything one step further in order to ‘outdo’ the Greeks, for example-they recreated the use of mortar within buildings by using concrete, as well as stone and brick. Roman architecture was founded upon many new structural techniques. Both the column and the arch had been seen before, but the Romans based their work on the arch and its structural principles which had not been done previously.