These political instruments helped the civilizations control and expand during their rule. The economy in had similar currency. Currency will help maintain trade and keep unity in the region. Due to the wealth, each civilization was able to achieve great feats in agricultural improvements. Each built their own roads to help the military and built walls, for instance the Great Wall of China in Han China, to protect themselves from invasions.
They traded with other cultures because of simple human need and desire for things they lack and cannot provide in their homelands. An example of the agriculture that went on in Mesopotamia is their complex irrigation systems (which controlled the flooding to the crops) and China’s agricultural endeavors included creating the wheelbarrow (which allowed heavier and greater loads to be transported great distances). Another similarity between Mesopotamia and China, economically, is that they both create a staple to base their societies’ agricultures off of. This occurred because each civilization had their own appropriate agricultural geographies. In Mesopotamia, wheat was the primary staple food and in China it was rice.
They both had polytheistic traditions. Their beliefs in the gods were strong, which contributed to the growth and prosperity of their civilizations. Like the Mayans, the Aztecs practiced human sacrifice. They believed shedding blood brought rain and maintained agriculture and continued the existence of the world. These sacrifices connected societies with their gods, which upheld and strengthened their empires.
By having a written language Egypt now had a written history instead of things being based off of memory. The history would include a chronological list of the kings whom had served as Egypt’s ruler. The new technique also provided things such as written laws, an expansion of culture, religious inscriptions such as spells to protect the dead, biographies and autobiographies, stories, and a means of recording things regarding business relations. The development of a written language benefited Egypt in many ways, but another discovery also had quite an impact on Egypt and is still held in high regards today. Another technique that emerges in Egypt is monumental architecture.
The Egyptians moved to an area close to the Nile River. Living near the water was ideal for both Sumerians and Egyptians (McKay 3). They could hunt, heard animals, fish, and conduct agricultural farming to survive and thrive. The Sumerians had many independent villages due to the rough terrain and geography. Egypt had a centralized location for the main city.
When talking about geography, religion, and political views, there were more differences than similarities within these two civilizations. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia shared one key similarity in their geography; access to a major source of freshwater. For Egypt, it was the Nile River and for Mesopotamia, it was the Tigris and Euphrates River. Luckily, they were both gifted with fertile soil thanks to the rivers. Also, both rivers flooded.
In the Byzantine Empire, trade played a very important role in their economic system. These Romans traded across the revived silk roads and the Mediterranean Sea, which made Constantinople the center of commerce and wealth. Due to their highly developed structure, the Byzantines were able to develop banks and businesses. These advanced practices were integral to the empire’s success. Their agricultural strength was another component that added to the empire’s power.
As with other ancient economies, agriculture was the basis of Roman economy. However, the Romans organized their economy in a way that was hitherto unprecedented in the Mediterranean. For once, agriculture became centered on large plantations called latifunda ., who employed hundreds of slave laborers and producing various crops for urban markets. Crops were produced regionally; vineyards sprung up in Gaul, olive oil was produced in North Africa and Spain, and wheat was imported from Egypt. Although agriculture was important, so was trade: An extensive road network, along with massive amounts of coinage, were issued to facilitate trade.
The Nile River, in particular, was an aspect of agriculture whose impact on African societies would change the way we see it today. The ancient Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile River, where the soil was rich and the agricultural opportunities were plentiful. The Nile River cut through something of an arid landscape, so the people clustered along the riverbanks, where, in addition to farms, they constructed towns and cities. Though we often think of ancient Egypt in terms of massive construction projects, such as the pyramids, most Egyptians lived in smaller towns. Unlike the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the Nile floods at a predictable time of the year and in relatively predictable stages.
Social Studies: Persuasive Essay Thesis Statement: The Kingdom of Kush is worth learning since it had lots of things other civilizations wanted and it was a trading center. Three Important Facts: * Kush had iron, gold, ivory, leather and timber. * Kush`s location and natural resources made it an important trading center. * Egyptians traded grain and linen for Kush`s gold, ivory, leather, and timber. 1st Paragraph: Introduction Kush was located on the Nile River to the south of Egypt.