These changes may not always be permanent dependant on the ABI (Acquired Brain Injury) but most often do cause substantial alterations in the person’s character and physical abilities. ABI's are very complex and no two persons can expect to have the same difficulties, although some of the changes will be similar they are rarely the same. 1.2 Describe possible causes of acquired brain injury. There are many causes of an ABI. Traumatic Brain injury is caused by physical traumas, for example an accident, neurosurgery, head injury or even an assault.
Reactions Lab David Vaghari INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Chernovitz Monday, July 23, 2012 Oxygen Production Introduction In this lab, potassium chlorate will be decomposed producing oxygen gas and potassium chloride. The hypothesis is that the reaction will yield 3.916 grams of oxygen gas. Materials Test tube 10 grams potassium chlorate Bunsen burner Procedure Step 1. Obtain a test tube, place a 10 gm of potassium chlorate. Step 2.
The cause of the brain cells dying and the deterioration of the connectors is not fully known. Vascular dementia is a form of dementia caused by damage to the brain through deprivation of oxygenated blood. Causes are preventable and include high blood pressure, heart problems, diabetes and high cholesterol. Rarer forms of dementia are Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and Biswanger’s disease. 1.2 Types of memory impairment Whilst long term memory loss is experienced, short term memory loss can cause more problems, although it is not the same in every case.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a result of a sudden blow to the head when an external force is applied causing a disruption of the physiological stability of the brain. It can also occur when an object pierces the skull and enters the brain tissue and when elevation in the intracranial pressure occurs it can potentially change the blood flow within and to the brain. These changes may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness. Traumatic brain injury is a non-degenerative, non-congenital defect in which there may be permanent or temporary impairment to cognition. TBI or concussions can cause long-term or short-term brain damage among a long list of effects.
GBS is not often fatal but in rare cases people have died from GBS. GBS can be fatal if the respiratory muscles become paralyzed, making it difficult to breathe. GBS can also be fatal if blood pressure and heart rate are affected. 2. What leads to Guillain-Barre’ syndrome?
There could be some damage to the central nervous system but not very severe or the symptoms that Nick exhibits would be more severe. C. Diabetic neuropathies damage peripheral nerves. Which component of the reflex arc is most likely to be damaged in Nick’s situation? The component of the reflex arc that is most likely to be damaged in Nick’s situation would begin at the sensory neuron. Stimuli is still triggering the receptor but the information from the sensory neuron doesn’t continue the arc to the integrating centers to the motor neurons to the effectors which causes the absence of a reflex.
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) occur when an external force causes brain dysfunction. A mild TBI can be a concussion that is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head that change the way brain works. It can cause a loss of consciousness for a few seconds to minutes or the person may seem dazed and confused. A change in mental status at the time of the injury or loss of consciousness is the reason a diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury is made (Brain Injury Alliance Utah). Most people recover from mild TBIs quickly and fully (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013).
In moderate to severe traumatic brain injury there could be permanent memory loss, trouble with speech and loss of coordination among other visible and invisible symptoms. Since the individual did not have these issues prior to the injury they will most likely have a negative effect at first. Due to the loss of abilities, they may experience mood changes, anger, depression or anxiousness. These internal psychological challenges may also be compounded by the social anxiety they may feel. Unfortunately, the general society is unforgiving toward those with special needs or differences.
Alzheimer’s early stages include but aren’t limited to minor Short-term memory loss, forgetting that memory lapses happened and some confusion in situations outside the familiar. The early stages are difficult but with support from family and medical experts they are manageable, but what if the patient is scared of the late symptoms. Late stage of Alzheimer’s includes but isn’t limited to speech impairment, repeatedly initiating the same conversation, abusiveness, anxiety, and paranoia and debilitating cognitive deficit, which in layman’s term means mental retardation and eventually death but not from the disease it’s self. Shouldn’t those patients have a choice weather they want to go through the later stages of Alzheimer’s, it’s very doubtful that