The individual can become irritable at a moments notice. Many people suffer from depression which can be caused by the physical and cognitive changes that they have experienced. Some people can become self-centred and not recognize other people’s point of view and can become very demanding which can cause resentment. Often people with acquired brain injury do not like to be left alone for any amount of time. Explain the concepts of loss in relation to acquired brain injury for individuals and carers The care that is given to an individual with an acquired brain injury is crucial.
Unit DEM 301 Understanding the neurology of dementia: 1.1 A common misconception is that Dementia is a normal part of the ageing process. Dementia is a broad-spectrum term for a range of progressive diseases that generally affect memory, emotional and sometimes physical ability. Dementia is ultimately caused by damage to the brain cells, this damage then causes miscommunications within the brain. When the brain cells do not then work together as usually this can have an effect on an individual’s thinking, abilities and behaviour. Dependent on the type of damage to the cells and the particular regions that are affected this can indicate through investigations (i.e brain scans….)
Dementia with Lewy bodies is closely related to Parkinson's disease and often has some of the same symptoms, including difficulty with movement. Front temporal dementia (including Pick's disease) – In front temporal dementia, the front and side parts of the brain are damaged over time when clumps of abnormal proteins form inside nerve cells, causing them to die. At first, changes in personality and behavior may be the most obvious signs. Depending on where the damage is, the person may have difficulties with fluent speech or may forget the meaning of words or objects. 2) Memory problems are usually the most obvious symptom in people with dementia.
Cerebrovascular Accident By Mike Smith RADT153 Radiography Patient Care Cypress College Just what is a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) one might say? A cerebrovascular accident otherwise known as a stroke occurs when the blood supply leading to the brain is interrupted or reduced; causing the tissue in the surrounding area to become oxygen deprived, which can lead to brain damage. This can be caused either by a type of blockage, known as ischemic stroke or by a rupture in a blood vessel, a hemorrhagic stroke. There is also a condition called a transient ischemic attack, where the individual for a brief period of time shows symptoms that are similar to a stroke. About 85 percent of strokes are ischemic strokes (Stroke, 2014).
More severe traumatic brain injury complications include pooling of blood in the head (hematoma), epilepsy, amnesia, paralysis, coma and death. Additionally, studies have suggested a link between traumatic brain injury and the development of both Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease (Dawodu,
· brain defects or injury: Defects in or injury to certain areas of the brain have also been linked to some mental illnesses. · prenatal damage: Some evidence suggests that a disruption of early fetal brain development or trauma that occurs at the time of birth -- for example, loss of oxygen to the brain -- may be a factor in the development of certain conditions, such as autism. · substance abuse: Long-term substance abuse, in particular, has been linked to anxiety, depression, and paranoia. · other factors: Poor nutrition[->1] and exposure to toxins, such as lead, may play a role in the development of mental illnesses. PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS: · severe trauma suffered as a child, such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse.
Alzheimer's is actually a physical disease that affects the brain. As the disease progresses, protein 'plaques' and 'tangles' develop in the structure of the brain, leading to the death of brain cells. Some symptoms can include confusion and forgetfulness, mood swings, becoming more withdrawn and having difficulty carrying out everyday activities. Rarer causes of dementia Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease – (CJD) is caused by an infectious protein in the brain called prion. Huntington's disease – this is an inherited disease causing abnormal movements and problems with coordination, together with cognitive impairment.
This may be as a result of a stroke or mini strokes although it can be caused by preventable conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol. Dementia with Lewys Bodies (DLB) is caused by small deposits of proteins found in the nerve cells of the brain. Their presence in the brain leads to the degeneration of brain tissue. This is the third most common form of dementia. Rarer forms of dementia are: Fronto temperal dementia which is brain damage usually focused in the front or temporal parts of the brain.
As a care worker me and my colleagues need to consider our own attitudes and interactions with a person with dementia. Any negative attitudes and interactions from others will add to the individual’s negative feelings and experience of disability. Just because they have dementia and forget things and appear confused does not mean that they don’t have feelings and emotions. A positive attitude and smiling face might help them forgetting only for a few moments how ill they really are, and brighten up their day just for a few minutes. As well as a negative attitude and a sad pitiful face might increase the individual’s negative feelings and increase the speed of the deterioration of the brain through
Car wrecks, rape, war, terrorist attacks, assaults, and other traumatic or life threatening events are all potential causes of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some people become frightened of fireworks or certain sounds can cause anxiety in someone suffering from PTSD because it brings back memories of their traumatic experience. A person’s sense of trust and safety are destroyed and they can sometimes have difficulty not thinking about what happened. PTSD has a big impact on anyone who suffers because of it. There are many symptoms of PTSD including nightmares, insomnia, loss of interest, anger, and irritability.