20. mol H2 reacts with 8.0 mol O2 to produce H2O. Determine the number of grams reactant in excess and number of grams H2O produced. Identify the limiting reactant. 8.1 g H2 , 2.9 x 102 g H2O 17. How many litres of O2 gas are required to produce 100. g Al2O3?
Determine the percent yield of this reaction, showing all steps of your calculation. (3 points) heoretical yield of H2 gas: (1.156 x 10^-3 moles)(1 mole H2/ 1 mole Mg) = 1.156 x 10^-3 moles Theoretical mass: (1.156 x 10^-3 moles)(2.02 g/mole) = 2.335 x 10^-3 g Using ideal gas law: P = (1.1 atm)(760 torr / 1 atm) - 19.8 torr = 816.2 torr V = 0.026 L T = 295 K Solve for n: n = PV/(RT) n = (816.2 torr)(0.026
This is the mass of the carbon dioxide. CALCULATING AMT. OF SODIUM BICARBONATE 7) Calculate the number of moles of carbon dioxide in the reaction. 8) The number of moles of carbon dioxide is also the number of moles of H2CO3 in the reaction H2CO3 H2O + CO2. 9) The number of moles of H2CO3 in the reaction NaHCO3 + C2H4O2 NaC2H3O2 + H2CO3 is also the number of moles of NaHCO3.
If 0.100 mol of hydrogen iodide is placed in a 1.0 L container and allowed to reach equilibrium, find the concentrations of all reactants and products at equilibrium. 2 HI (g) === H2 (g) + I2 (g) Ke = 1.84(10-2 [H2]=[I2]= 1.07(10-2 mol/L, [HI]=7.86(10-2 mol/L 6. A 1.00 L reaction vessel initially contains 9.28(10-3 moles of H2S. At equilibrium, the concentration of H2S of 7.06(10-3 mol/L. Calculate the value of Ke for this system.
Empirical formula: CH5N Steps for molecular formula: 1- Calculate the molar mass of the empirical formula. 2- Divide the known (given) molar mass by the calculated empirical formula molar mass to get a whole number 3- Multiply that whole number through subscripts of the empirical formula to obtain the molecular formula. Example CH5N 12.01 g C x 1 C= 12.01 g/mol 1.008 g H x 5 H = 5.040
Materials and Methods Part 1 For the cation elimination test first 10 drops of potassium, iron (III), zinc (II), copper (II), and cobalt (II) were added to 5 centrifuge tubes and the color was recorded. Then for the metal hydroxide test, 6 M NaOH was added drop wise till a precipitate was formed. Each solution except potassium formed a precipitate, so then 10 additional drops of NaOH were added to the remaining solutions. Tubes were cleaned with distilled water and 6 M HCL. Next was the ammonia test 10 drops of each metal solution were added to new centrifuge tubes and 15 M NH4OH was added until the solution changed color or a precipitate was formed.
Percent Yield Calculations 1) Balance this equation and state which of the six types of reaction is taking place: ____ Mg + ____ HNO3 ( ____ Mg(NO3)2 + ____ H2 Type of reaction: __________________________ 2) If I start this reaction with 40 grams of magnesium and an excess of nitric acid, how many grams of hydrogen gas will I produce? 3) If 1.7 grams of hydrogen is actually produced, what was my percent yield of hydrogen? 4) Balance this equation and state what type of reaction is taking place: ____ NaHCO3 ( ____ NaOH + ____ CO2 Type of reaction: __________________________ 5) If 25 grams of carbon dioxide gas is produced in this reaction, how many grams of sodium hydroxide should be produced? 6) If 50 grams of sodium hydroxide are actually produced, what was my percent yield?
Create a data table similar to the one below named Data Table: Oxidation-Reduction Experiment. 2. Take a 24-well plate: a. In well A1: Place 10 drops of Sodium Sulfate, Na2SO4 b. In well A2: Place 10 drops of Magnesium Sulfate, MgSO4 c. In well A3: Place 10 drops of Zinc Nitrate, Zn(NO3)2 d. In well A4: Place 10 drops of Iron (III) Chloride, FeCl3 e. In well A5: Place 10 drops of Copper (II) Sulfate, CuSO4 3.
Materials and Methods Part 1 – Cation Tests Potassium, iron (III), zinc (II), copper (II), and cobalt (II) cation solutions were made subject to two elimination tests involving the addition of sodium hydroxide in one and ammonium hydroxide in the other. Approximately 10 drops of each cation solution were placed in 10 different centrifuge tubes. To begin the sodium hydroxide test, 6M NaOH solution was added to one sample of each cation solution until either a precipitate was formed or until 20 drops were added. An additional 10 drops of 6M NaOH was added to each solution in which a precipitate formed and the solutions were shaken lightly to aid in the mixing of the reaction. To begin the ammonium hydroxide test, 15M NH4OH was added to one sample of each cation solution until the formation of a precipitate was observed, with care not to exceed 20 drops.
The balanced equations for this reaction shows that the molar ratio of magnesium reacted to hydrogen gas produced is 1:1. Therefore, by determining the mass of magnesium that reacts and the number of moles that this mass is equal to, you will also be able to determine the number of moles of hydrogen gas produced. The volume of hydrogen gas produced will be measured directly on the scale of a gas-measuring tube. The gas laws of Boyle and Charles will be used to correct this volume, measured under laboratory conditions, to the volume the sample of gas would occupy at STP. The collected data (number of moles and volumes at STP) will be used to calculate that molar volume of the hydrogen gas.