Ratios can tell if the business is using its assets appropriately, and if liabilities of the company are well-managed. It shows whether a business can invest in more capital, or if there is room for business growth. It shows whether a business will be able to pay off its debts or their short-term expenses or their daily expenses. It basically shows the strength and weaknesses of the business. It helps for forecasting on making certain financial decisions.
The basic answer is that share repurchases are great when the share price is undervalued, and not-so-great when the share price is overvalued. To put it into a more useful context, if you would otherwise reinvest your dividends or invest new capital into the company at current stock prices, then share repurchases are useful to you because the company basically does it for you. The alternative is that the company could pay you a higher dividend, but you’d be taxed on that dividend and reinvest it into the company anyway. On the other hand, if you would not reinvest dividends or invest new capital into the company at current prices, then share repurchases are not in alignment with your current outlook, and it would be better for you to receive a higher dividend. Something else to be considered is that when a company uses money for share repurchases when it could be paying a higher dividend instead, the company’s management is limiting your control and increasing theirs.
SCF-Direct and Indirect Methods SCF-Direct and Indirect Methods A company may use a direct or indirect method to record cash flow and convert net income from accrual to a cash. The Financial Accounting Board allows both presentation methods of cash flows since both are appropriate depending on the company, both methods arrive to the same total amount. The main difference between direct and indirect methods is the way each method arrives to the amount and how it breaks down operating activities. The direct method of cash flow includes more details on operating activities; this method is also used to settle net income and cash from operating expenses. I believe the direct method is a better way for a business to keep track of cash flow because it accounts for every operating activity.
This can affect the growth of the company. By adopting IFRS, U.S. will also be adopting a big risk, if the quality of the new standards do not match the U.S. GAAP. Looking at the various possibilities of adopting IFRS in the U.S, it can be said that it is a big decision to be made. Although, in my opinion we should adopt to IFRS in financial reporting only if the benefits outweigh the costs of transition. If adopting IFRS benefit monetarily and make the transition easy for the investors, auditors, and the public companies, then there should be no harm in accepting it for financial reporting
The Internal revenue service does allow the cash method of accounting if certain criteria are met because tax laws change frequently it is essential to contact a CPA if a business owner decides to use cash basis of accounting. In conclusion both methods of accounting are great to use for a business it just depends on how you as a business owner would like to keep
Budgeting is an essential plan that helps a business understand the probable expenditure and income over a specific period. It is a tool to help the business to provide better financial control for expenditure and also to give the business a clearer direction to achieves the goal. Before setting a budget, it usually brings information together and then interprets of the business and follows by strategic plan. The business will base on the economy needs and individual business capability to come out with statistics and plan ahead on projected the amount of money to use at a certain period and the how much profit will estimate earn. It needs to forecast in a realistic figures and attainable goal.
Though ratio analysis should not be used alone as there are several limitations in the usefulness of their data, they will give general historical information. Managerial decision-making should consider all factors in leveraging their position within their specific industry to excel and continue to generate positive revenue. Financial statements are the driving forces behind understandings a company’s financial position in the market place. Financial statements can effectively communicate what financial decisions have been made, how the bottom line was affected and what are the necessary steps to keep a company in business. Financial statements give the relative fiscal health over a period through interpretation; by identifying corporate strength and effectively examining overall managerial decision-making through ratio analysis.
FI515_Homework1 Mini Case (p. 45) a. Why is corporate finance important to all managers? Successful companies must be able to generate enough cash to compensate the investors who provided the necessary capital. In order to do this managers must be able to evaluate any proposal, whether it relates to marketing, production, strategy, or any other area, and implement only the projects that add value for your investors. For this, you must have expertise in finance.
Computed by deducting the cost of capital from the after-tax profit, it is said to be the best measure of the true profitability of an enterprise because it is tied to cash flow and not earnings per share. Many analysts would agree that EVA is more positively associated with a company’s stock price than ROE or EPS. Keith confirmed his findings with an industry analyst, which posed him with the decision of whether of not to implement this calculation into OSI accounting practices. Furthermore, would it be a beneficial tool to be used for evaluating the new manager’s incentive compensation plans? The EVA trend seems to be almost mandatory for the larger companies, but there is no reason that it shouldn’t work just as well for their smaller firm.
These ratios are most useful when compared to other ratios such as the comparable ratios of similar businesses or the historical trend of a single business over several business cycles. Horizontal analysis is a type of fundamental analysis in which certain financial data is used to assess a company’s performance over a period of time. Horizontal analysis can be assessed on a single company over a period of time, comparing the same items or ratios, or it can be performed on multiple companies in the same industry to assess a company’s performance relative to competitors. Vertical analysis is a method of analyzing financial statements in which each item in the statement is represented as a percentage of a single larger item. Vertical analysis makes comparisons between two or more companies in the same industry easier.