A firm’s value depends on the positive net income generated in the past. True False A firm’s value depends on the firm’s ability to generate positive cash flows now and in the future True False When determining the value of a firm, which of the following statements is true? • Inversters are risk neutral. Other things equal they prefer to pay more stocks that are less risky and have uncertain cash flows • Investers love risk. Other things equal they prefer to pay more for stocks that are more risky and have uncertain cash flows.
There are two main profit maximization methods used, and they are Marginal Cost-Marginal Revenue Method and Total Cost-Total Revenue Method. Profit maximization is a good thing for a company, but can be a bad thing for consumers if the company starts to use cheaper products or decides to raise prices. This is what some firms in the leisure industry will aim to do, for instance, Cinemas will hope to achieve the highest level of profits. Although most firms in the leisure industry aim to maximise profit, some firms have other main objectives, such as to maximise growth. Growth maximisation is where the firm’s main goal is to increase the size of the firm as much as possible.
Question 1 Which of the following is generally NOT true and an advantage of going public? Answer | | Facilitates stockholder diversification. | | | Increases the liquidity of the firm's stock. | | | Makes it easier to obtain new equity capital. | | | Establishes a market value for the firm.
The higher the ratio the more assurance exists that the retirement of current liabilities can be made. The current ratio measures the margin of safety available to cover any possible shrinkage in the value of current assets. Normally a ratio of 2 to 1 (2.0) or better is considered good. Short-term creditors prefer a high current ratio since it reduces their risk. Shareholders may prefer a lower current ratio so that more of the firm's assets are working to grow the business.
Caledonia Products Integrative Problem FIN/370 March 25, 2013 Caledonia Products Integrative Problem 1. Why should Caledonia focus on project free cash flows as opposed to the accounting profits earned by the project when analyzing whether to undertake the project? Caledonia should focus on project free cash flows because the businesses can reinvest cash flows. Caledonia interest lies in incremental cash flows. Incremental cash flows increase the value from the organization because they are projects marginal benefits.
CanGo has very low profitability ratios, low turnover ratios and a high debt equity ratio. All these demonstrates that it’s in Cango’s best interest to take control of their financial performance, and focus on generating cash for the company, make better use of available resources and ensure that they are able to generate profit. The company should not take more debt and need to focus on how to use their existing resources to generate more cash flow to be able to operate and meet their financial obligations. Under the current operating system debt is increasingly being
As the time horizon increases, variable costs rely less on existing factors and restrictions and therefore will begin behaving differently which will in turn affect the cost of production (Wright, 2007). The second way a firm that’s into profit maximization can decide its greatest level of output is by way of the marginal revenue -- marginal cost method. This is done by subtracting the marginal cost from the marginal revenue that a product generates. Using marginal cost and marginal revenue as the bases, profit maximization will be obtained at the point when marginal revenue is equal to marginal cost. If the marginal revenue is greater than marginal cost this would be when a profit maximizing firm would need to increase production until marginal revenue is equal to marginal cost.
A rising ROE suggests that a company is increasing its ability to generate profit without needing as much capital. It also indicates how well a company's management is deploying the shareholders' capital. In other words, the higher the ROE the better. Falling ROE is usually a problem. CAGR: Operating income, % Operating income (EBIT) measures a company's earning power from ongoing operations and it largely used by investor because it excludes the effects of different capital structures and tax rates used in different companies.
This occurs with first degree price discrimination as consumers must pay the maximum that they were willing/able to pay, which may lower their real income. Moreover, the consumer surplus that they would have obtained at a lower price is transferred to the producers meaning that the producers gain at the expense of the consumer, which is definitely undesirable. On the other hand, although the consumer may be disadvantaged, the producer is likely to benefit from the price discrimination in this way, especially if the firm is a dominant or monopoly firm, as it has the ability to set prices higher than they would be in a perfect competition model. Higher prices means that the firm’s revenue will increase, and it is likely that their profit will too, as monopolies are able to extract consumer surplus and transfer it into supernormal profits. Consequently, these profits can be reinvested into the
Why would directors be more efficient than shareholders at improving managerial performance and changing their incentives? Directors would be more effective at altering the performance of managers specifically because they have a position to more directly control the managers’ incentives. Shareholders can only periodically vote on large issues, which do not directly affect the individually efficient behavior for managers. Directors, on the other hand, can adopt policies that tie the managers’ compensation to their performance, or threaten them with loss of their jobs if they perform below a certain