A firm’s value depends on the positive net income generated in the past. True False A firm’s value depends on the firm’s ability to generate positive cash flows now and in the future True False When determining the value of a firm, which of the following statements is true? • Inversters are risk neutral. Other things equal they prefer to pay more stocks that are less risky and have uncertain cash flows • Investers love risk. Other things equal they prefer to pay more for stocks that are more risky and have uncertain cash flows.
Answer | | If new debt is used to refund old debt, the correct discount rate to use in the refunding analysis is the before-tax cost of new debt. | | | The key benefits associated with refunding debt are the reduction in the firm's debt ratio and the creation of more reserve borrowing capacity. | | | The mechanics of finding the NPV of a refunding decision are fairly straightforward. However, the decision of when to refund is not always clear because it requires a forecast of future interest rates. | | | If a firm with a positive NPV refunding project delays refunding and interest rates rise, the firm can still obtain the entire NPV by locking in a low coupon rate when the rates are low, even though it actually refunds the debt
Solvency ratios this is one of many ratios used to measure a company’s ability to meet long-term obligations. The solvency ratio measures the size of a company’s after-tax income, excluding non-cash depreciation expenses, as compared to the company’s total debt obligations. It provides a measurement of how likely a company will be to continue meeting its debt obligations. Users who may be interested in each type of ratio? Liquidity ratios are used by suppliers and other trade creditors.
The retained earnings statement reconciles the beginning and ending balances of the retained earnings. Some organizations sometimes combine it with the income statement. The final amount of the retained earnings is the ending balance, which indicates why the earnings may have increased or decreased for that period. If there is a net loss, the loss is deducted from the dividends in the retained earnings (Weygandt, 2008). As for the balance sheet, it shows the assets, liabilities, and stockholder’s equity for a specified date.
The organization should primarily focus on the incremental cash flow because the incremental cash flow holds a marginal benefit from the project. Depreciation is considered to be an expense item which means that the greater the depreciation, the larger the expense will be to the organization. Therefore, if Caledonia was looking at the project from an accounting profit view, the profit would be much lower than that of the free cash flow. 2. What are the incremental cash flows for the project in years 1 through 5 and how do these cash flows differ from accounting profits or earnings?
Debit - Duty or obligation to pay money, deliver goods, or render service under an express or implied agreement. Use of debt in a firm's financial structure creates financial leverage that can multiply yield on investment provided returns generated by debt exceed its cost. Because the interest paid on debt can be written off as an expense, debt is normally the cheapest type of long-term financing. 11. Yield - Annual income earned from an investment, expressed usually as a percentage of the money invested.
Page 484 has formulas!! 6. When the firms maintains a target leverage ratio, we compute its levered value V^L as the present value of its free cash flows using the WACC, whereas its unlevered value V^U is the present value of its free cash flows using its unlevered cost of capital or pretax WACC. 15.3 Recapitalizing to Capture the Tax Shield 1. when securities are fairly priced, the original shareholders of a firm capture the full benefit of the interest tax shield from an increase in leverage 15.4 Personal
Prepare Post Closing Trial Balance Ratios 1. Debt ratio = Total liabilities Total assets Purpose: Show the ability of the company to repay its obligations when a company finances the purchase of assets using debt. A company with a low debt ratio will not have difficulty making the required payments. Generally a debt ratio below .60 is desirable. A ratio around .80 or 80% is considered high risk.
The more recent costs are matched against current revenues. c. There will be a deferral of income tax. d. A company's future reported earnings will not be affected substantially by future price declines. 82. Which of the following is true regarding the use of LIFO for inventory valuation?
Current, Non-current Assets paper Raul R. Campos Acc/400 August 17, 2011 University of Phoenix Instructor: Frank Gutierrez In all organizations the Accounting department is a major player in the control of monetary budgets and estimated gain or looses, which in turn can determine the success or default of the organization itself. The estimated term is usually a physical year also known as an operating cycle in which an organization can turn around this assets into cash by selling its product and collecting the profits of this product sales with in 60 to 180 day’s. This money is applied to finance the organizations daily operations and for creditors is the main component to determine and provide the necessary credit to those organizations