As a C-corporation the business, not the owner, would be held liable for any financial damages. Any accidents involving employees or customers would be the responsibility of the corporation to settle. Financially speaking incorporating is the best option because as a sole proprietorship the owner is currently paying a much higher tax rate versus the corporate tax rate. With the tax code being different for corporations there is better profit retention and security. The client also mentioned the issue of partnership and the selling of stock in order to expand the company.
(Points : 5) is increased with a debit is decreased with a credit is not an expense account All of the above 1. (TCO A) An advantage of the corporate form of business is that _____. (Points : 5) it has limited life its owner's personal resources are at stake its ownership is easily transferable via the sale of shares of stock it is simple to establish 2. (TCO A) The Dividends account _____. (Points : 5) is increased with a debit is decreased with a credit is not an expense account All of the above 3.
b. It is easier to transfer one’s ownership interest in a partnership than in a corporation. c. One of the disadvantages of a sole proprietorship is that the proprietor is exposed to unlimited liability. d. One of the advantages of a corporation from a social standpoint is that every stockholder has equal voting rights, i.e., “one person, one vote.” e. Corporations of all types are subject to the corporate income tax. Answer: c 2.
A sole proprietorship is an unincorporated business owned by one person. The owner of a sole proprietorship is known as a sole proprietor. Sole proprietorship is easier and less expensive to start than corporations. It can be started without anything more formal than a decision or a handshake and you can conduct business under your own name or under a trade name. In this example, Owen will be the only owner and since he wants to have employees under this business form he is allowed to hire employees whereas if he was thinking of an S- Corporation he could not have any employees.
Like the partnerships the S-corporations basically have no federal income taxes. S-corporations owners are taxed on their portion of earnings. The popularity of S-corporations fluctuate with the income tax law. Sometimes the corporation taxes are more than the individual and vice versa. Some of the similarities to a closely held corporation is each shareholder's liability is limited to the amount of their investment.
1. Outright purchase of Smith stock a) Yes, Mr. Jones should purchase the stock of Smith outright, leaving Smithon intact as purchasing the stock of Smith co. is the simple and reasonable transaction where he can also minimize the cost of administrative matters. While issuing debt in his Johnson Services Co. to pay for the Smith Company there can arise debt issue for Johnson co if the cash flow of the company is insufficient in making such purchase to buy Smith co stock. b) Converting C corp to S corp has taxation benefit as C corp faces double taxation. Here, converting Smithon to S corp can give an advantage of having a control of limited or small number of shareholders.
All partners share in the decision making for the business. A partnership agreement is usually established in order to delegate the responsibilities of each partner such as who will make decisions for the business, how will profits and losses be shared, how much money and time each partner will contribute and even a plan in the event a partner chooses to terminate their share of the business. The main advantage of this entity is that it allows more expertise as well as financial support in order to make a business grow. The main disadvantage is that just like the sole proprietorship, the personal assets of each partner will not be spared if the company faces financial
2) The sales budget calculates how much the company will spend to produce the required number of units. The president should do further consideration in terms of capital and labor costs. Does company have an adequate capital to produce the required number of units? And if the answer is no, they should look for other alternatives such as borrowing and others. 3) The sales budget is to estimate the profitability.
Economic and Ethical Issues of Pricing As a CPA you are in charge of a small tax advisory firm providing services to individual taxpayers, a substantial group of whom is high-wealth. Your firm is experiencing new pressures from the changing marketplace. New, non-CPA market competitors and competition from do-it-yourself tax-preparation software packages have had a negative effect on your bottom line. Because of these pressures, you are looking at ways to reduce costs. To expand your business and continue successfully you must consider employing non-CPAs.
f. Free cash flows represent the cash that a company is able to produce after laying out the money required to maintain or grow its asset base. g. Weighted average cost of capital is the average return required by all of the firm’s investors. h. Free cash flows and weighted average cost of capital interact to determine a firms value by looking at the amount of cash needed to grow and amount needed to be paid out by investors.