Absolutism Austria vs. Prussia

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When absolute monarch emerged in the 17th century, it was built the social and economic ideas between the 14th and 17th century. Eastern absolutism was based on powerful nobility, a weak middle class, and oppressed peasants composed of serfs. (Mckay, Hill and Buckler) Serfdom in Eastern Europe; the legal system was monopolized by local lord, laws that were passed restricted rights of peasants, lords confiscated their land, and a system called the “Robot” which in some regions had peasants work 3-4 days without pay. (Chapter Outlines ) During this time two states on the rise was the Austrian empire and the Prussian empire. In the Austrian empire serfdom was increased, Protestantism was ended, and they achieved absolutism. (Chapter Outlines ) During this time Ferdinand III created a standing army, centralized the government in Austria, and turned toward Hungary for land. (Absolutism in Austria and Prussia) The eastward turn led Austria to become absorbed in a war against the Turks over Hungary and Transylvania. (Absolutism in Austria and Prussia) During this time Emperor Leopold I, lead a "Holy League" against the Turks which resulted in the War of the Holy League. The Turks laid siege to Vienna but he successfully repelled the Turks; which was the last attempt by the Ottoman Empire to take control of Eastern Europe. (Chapter Outlines ) The war ended with the Peace of Karlowitz, which ratified Habsburg conquered all of Hungary and Transylvania by 1699. (Chapter Outlines ) In the Austrian empire after the Thirty Years' War, the Austrian Habsburgs turned inward and eastward to unify their holdings. The Habsburgs replaced the Bohemian Czech nobility with their own warriors. (Chapter Outlines ) The Habsburg possessions consisted of Austria, Bohemia, and Hungary, which were joined in a fragile union. (Mckay, Hill and Buckler) During Emperor Charles the VI reign he issued
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