Also Austria-Hungary’s king and family visited Sarajevo- Bosnia was assassinated by conspirator Gavrilo Princip Austria striked back in revenge. But the most important came from countries distrust for one another because it led the Great powers of Europe-Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Britain, France, and Russia signed treaties pledging to defend one another. These alliances were intended to promote peace by promoting powerful combinations that no one would dare to attack. But 2 huge alliances emerged in the end. France longed to avenge its defeat in Franco-Prussian War, Bismarck signed treaties with other powered thinking they wouldn’t attack Germany alone.
The assassins motives were later associated with a movement known as “Young Bosnia”. The objective of this movement was to break up Austria-Hungary’s south-Slav provinces so they could be combined into a Greater Serbia or Yugoslavia. Franz Ferdinand was fifty-one years of age when we was assassinated. At that time he was heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Ferdinand planned to make some major changes once he had become Emperor, some of these prospective changes made him very unpopular.
(See Appendix B – Pre and Post War Europe) World War 1 was sparked by an assassination of Austria-Hungary’s Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The assassin of the Archduke (Gaurilo Princip) was in fact a “member of a secret society called the Black Hand.”(Danzer, p.556) The ‘Black Hand’s’ aim was to unite all Serbs under one government. After the assassination, Austria-Hungary declared that they were going to have a bright, brisk little war against Serbia. (Danzer, p.556) The World War was ignited when countries started to join the war to keep alliances. On July 29,1914, Russia announced that to keep its ally, Serbia, they would order a full mobilization of its militants.
HISTORY PPT Fourty days 28 june 1914 The Balkan states of Bosnia and Herzegovina, had been annexed (took control by force) from Turkey and taken into the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This was strongly resented by many Serbs and Croats and a nationalist group, The Black Hand, was formed. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and his wife, had decided to inspect Austro-Hungarian troops in Bosnia. The date chosen for the inspection was a national day in Bosnia. The Black Hand supplied a group of students with weapons for an assassination attempt to mark the occasion.
Assess critically three causes of WWI The First World War began in Europe in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. This trigger action caused the involvement of Germany, Russia, Serbia and Austria-Hungary. However, the war itself was caused by nationalism, alliances and Germany’s fear of encirclement. Nationalism was the central cause of WWI because, due to the nationalism of the Slavs, the Balkan states became a powder keg. Austria-Hungary made the Serbs fear annexation while the Slavs inside the country wanted a Great Serbia.
Major Events Timeline Date Event June 1914 • Assassination of Franz Ferdinand by Serbian Nationalists July 1914 • Austria declares war on Serbia August 1914 • Germany declares war on Russia and France (1st) • Germany attacks Belgium under Schleiffen Plan • Britain and Japan declare war on Germany (4th) October 1914 • Turkey enters war on side of Germany First Battle of Yrpres November 1914 • Allies declare war on Turkey 1914 Summation • German advance through Belgium has not gone as smoothly as Germany hoped. • Germany was eventually halted at the river Marne in France. May 1915 • Lusitania sunk (7th) • Italy entered war on side of the Allies (23rd ) April 1915 • Second battle of Ypres • Dardanelles and Gallipoli campaigns April 1916 • Romania enters the war
5....30th July | When Kaiser heard that Russia was getting ready for war (Mobilising) he asked Tsar Nicholas to stop. | 4....1st August | Nicholas refused – Germany declared war on Russia and got her army ready. France was an ally of Russia so they mobilised their army on the same day. | 3....2nd August | Germans had the Schlieffen Plan ready and sent their armies to Belgium. | 2...3rd August | 75 years earlier, Britain promised to back Belgium up from any attack by any other country.
The American entry into WW1 grew out of the navel conflict between Germany and Great Britain. The Germans were using submarine warfare to cripple the British naval forces and on May 7, 1915, more than a hundred Americans were killed during a German strike on the British ship Lusitania. Because of this, the German government suspended unrestricted submarine warfare in September 1915. German naval officers later convinced the German government to let them return to submarine warfare. The return of this led to the U.S. entering the war on April 6, 1917.
In 1914 Woodrow Wilson proclaimed U.S. neutrality and asked the American people to be neutral in thought as well as action. In April 1917 Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany. What caused this turnaround in American policy toward World War I? "We must be the great arsenal of democracy." Franklin D. Roosevelt Report to Congress, Jan. 2, 1941 World War I (1914-1919), undoubtedly, was an event that framed universal history.
There were multiple events that led to World War I in 1914. On July 28, 1914 an event that provoked the outbreak of World War I occurred; Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austrian throne) and his wife were shot to death in the city of Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, member of the Serbian Nationalist group known as “The Black Hand”. Austria-Hungary blamed the Serbian Government for the attack, however, Russia supported Serbia. Austria-Hungary sent an ultimatum to Serbia. Austria wanted to send Austrian investigators to investigate Archduke Franz Ferdinand's assassination in Sarajevo and they wanted to abolish all major Serbian organizations, which Serbia refused, and Austria declared war on Serbia.