Sexual abuse signs can be disturbing behaviour like self-harming, inappropriate sexual behaviour, depression, low self esteem and inability to form relationships. Emotional/psychological abuse This could be bullying, threatening behaviour, lowering self esteem, exploitation, verbal abuse and swearing. Emotional/psychological abuse signs can be withdrawn, loss of self esteem and self confidence. Financial Abuse This could be theft of money or valuables, misappropriate use of a person's finances and denying an individual access to there finances. Financial abuse signs can be insecurity, loss of trust, fearful and disappearance of possessions.
Signs of sexual abuse can be bruises around the genital area. Individual becomes particular about washing genital area or wanting to hide themselves Signs of emotional or psychological abuse can be abnormal behaviour or moods. Talking a lot and very fast or being unusually quiet. Appearing afraid or worried. Being concerned that care and support may not continue.
Financial abuse could be depriving the individual of money, pressuring to give money away, fraud, overcharging and theft. Institutional abuse would involve lack of choice, ie; bed times, meals, hygiene. Lack of privacy, lack of supervision and restriction when using telephones. Self neglect would be the individual not washing themselves or not maintaining cleanliness in their own environment, not eating and drinking. Neglect by others would be not providing healthcare, nourishment, leaving in an unsafe environment and not assisting or encouraging hygiene.
It may involve causing children to feel frightened or in danger. Emotional harm may be the initial triggers that lead to physical harm e.g. self harm. Financial abuse: Vulnerable people who suffer material exploitation at the hands of any person through the misuse of their money, property, possessions, or by having their access to material goods restricted by another person. The following are risk factors which may predispose a person with learning disability to financial abuse: • Inability to administer their own money due to lack of numeracy skills • Inability to understand finances • Dependence on other people to administer money • Several people are involved in managing their money •
Unit 205 Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care. Outcome 1 1.1 - Physical Abuse-Physical Abuse is to cause somebody physical harm, use force to make them do something against their will or to cause them physical harm. It is more than likely the victime will be a vulnerable individual who is unable to defend themselves but not always. Sexual Abuse - Abusing somebody can be to force them to partake in sexual acts against there will. Sexual abuse can also take a verbal form for example talking to an individual in a sexual mano against their will.
Factors that can contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to physical abuse may be that the service user cannot communicate verbally and also the service user may re-in act the physical abuse on other service users. Sexual abuse Some examples of sexual abuse could be forcing a service use to take part in any sexual activity against their will or watching sexual activities, this could be in the internet. Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse may be that the service user tries to perform some of the sexual acts on other service users or members of staff or even in the public. The service user may be bleeding from the vagina or rectum. Service users who have been sexually abused may start to self harm.
Emotional abuse: bullying, invoking threats or fear, devaluing individual self-esteem, verbal abuse and swearing, imposing inappropriate expectations, conveying feelings of worthlessness, exploitation. Financial abuse: theft of money or property, misappropriation or mismanagement of individuals’ finances, denying individuals access to their own finances, particularly with the elderly or individuals with learning difficulties. Self-neglect: individuals engaging in neglectful or self-harming behaviours including refusing to eat or drink, neglecting personal hygiene or toilet needs, causing actual bodily harm to self-including cutting. Neglect by others: not caring for the basic needs of individuals including neglectful practice in washing, toileting and personal hygiene. 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.
Signs that physical abuse may be taking place can be injuries that are consistent with physical abuse, for example, marks on the body that show shapes, like finger tips, or pinch marks, or a person that has other unaccounted for marks to the body. Less noticeable signs could also be unexplained weight changes, depression or behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid of someone. Everyone feels low from time to time, but changes in behaviour, either emotional or physical, that can be seen for prolonged periods of time in the service user may be an indication of this. Sexual abuse: Can include rape and sexual assault, being involved in pornography, participation of acts of a sexual nature that the person has not consented to or is unable to consent to. The physical signs of sexual abuse could be scratches, bruising around the genital area, abdominal pain with no diagnosable cause or an unexplained pregnancy due to rape.
Unit 4 1. Define the following types of abuse Physical abuse is any intentional and unwanted contact causing feelings of intimidation, physical suffering and injury. It may not cause you any pain or even leave bruises but this behaviour is not healthy. Examples of this could be pushing or pulling, scratching, biting or grabbing throwing objects at you and force-feeding. Sexual abuse is unwanted sexual behaviour being forced upon you by another person.
Physical Abuse – Includes slapping, hitting, biting, misuse of medication, catheterisation for the convenience of staff, leaving people in wet or soiled clothes or bedding, force feeding and refusing access to toilet facilities. Things to look out for are bruising or finger marks (particularly in well protected areas), scratches or cuts, a history of unexplained minor falls or injuries and repeated unusual bedwetting. Self Neglect – People neglecting their own care for a range of differing reasons which can include – physical illness or disability, mental illness or mental health problems, increasing infirmity, alcohol and drug misuse or a different set of priorities and perspectives. It is important to differentiate from self neglect and an informed lifestyle choice and to not impose your own standards and values. Not eating properly, not washing or changing clothes can by signs of self neglect.