825,826) B. If Zachary has a peptic ulcer affecting his stomach or duodenum, which components of the peritoneum will be affected? If the ulcer eats a hole into the wall of the stomach, bacteria and partially digested food can spill through the opening into the peritoneum causing severe inflammation of the abdominopelvic cavity and the visceral peritoneum, which covers some other organs. (Jenkins & Tortora pg. 826) C. How can Zach’s stomach contribute to the formation of ulcers in other parts of the G.I.
Crohn’s disease is an ongoing inflammation bowel disease of the digestive tract, also referred to as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract that can cause ulcerations which is breaks in the lining of the small and large intestines. Crohn’s disease is named after the physician who described the disease in 1932 (www.gicare.com). Crohn’s disease can affect any area of the GI tract, from the mouth to the anus, but it most commonly affects the lower part of the small intestine, called the ileum. The swelling extends deep into the lining of the affected organ. The swelling can cause pain and can make the intestines empty frequently, resulting in diarrhea.
Abdominal pain and abdominal cramping is caused the inflammation of the walls and eventually thickens the walls with scar tissue and leads to cramping. Mild Crohn’s causes moderate intestinal discomfort and in more severe cases, can cause nausea and vomiting. Blood in the stool is caused by food being moved from the digestive tract through the inflamed tissue. The bleeding might be notices as bright red directly in the toilet or darker red blood that is mixed into the stool. Crohn’s also causes small sores or ulcers on the surface of the intestines that eventually penetrate into the intestinal walls.
It moves food through and mixing it with digestive secretions from the pancreas and liver. The duodenum is mainly responsible for the continuous breaking-down process, with the jejunum and ileum mainly responsible for absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream.
Identify factors that affect the amount of time it takes for food to travel through the digestive tract - Explain how digestion occurs in mouth, stomach, small intestine, large intestine – The body starts the digestion process before food even enters the mouth. As soon as something that smells good hits the nose, the body starts to salivate and produce stomach acids. Once it enters the mouth, the body gets to work. All three salivary glands (the parotid, sublingual and submandibular) produce saliva which begins to chemically break down the food. The tongue and teeth move the food around, mixing it with the saliva, with all 32 teeth tearing and crushing it to break it down further into a softer composition called a bolus.
The pancreas is one of the important organs in the body where it produces enzymes that help the body digest the food and the hormones that help absorb sugars. However, when thick mucus is produced in the pancreas, this mucus clogs up the narrow passageways where it can make it very difficult for the person to digest the food and gain al the vitamins and nutrients needed for the body. Cystic fibrosis is a recessive, autosomal disease where it is an inherited disease of the body’s mucus and sweat glands (News Medical, 2013). This disease occurs when a mutation in a gene encoding for cystic fibrosis conductance regulation(CFTR) protein on chromosome 7 (Genetics Home References, 2013). It is passed down from the parents to the children because whoever has cystic fibrosis is born with it.
Gastric bypass has two dangerous side effects which is abdominal complication and blood clots. Abdominal complication is one instance is when leaking of the stomach acid occurs near or around the staples. This may be treated with antibiotics or surgery is usually required to prevent and major complications. A complication that sometimes follow gastric bypass is narrowing of the opening between the small intestine and the stomach. Blood clots are when obese patients are more than likely to develop blood clots in their legs.
Plasma carries food from the stomach to cells but carries waste from the cells to the kidneys and intestine. The body needs lots of haemoglobin because it will combine with the gases; oxygen and carbon dioxide. The red cells carry the oxygen in the arteries and capillaries to cells of the body. One function of the blood is to transport materials within plasma and hemoglobin around the body. Plasma contains hormones, nutrients and waste substances.
Instead of acting as a lubricant, the secretions plug up tubes, ducts and passageways, especially in the lungs and pancreas. (Retrieved from mayo clinic). The thick and sticky mucus can cause the lungs to clog and lead to life-threatening lung infections. In addition it can obstruct the pancreas and stop natural enzymes from helping the body break down and absorb food properly. In addition,
The infertility is caused by chronic lung disease on the menstrual cycle, as well as thick cervical mucus that blocks the migration of sperm, although it is possible for them to conceive and to have successful pregnancies. Still, pregnancy can worsen the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis, so be sure to discuss the possible risks with your doctor. Other complications: -Osteoporosis. People with cystic fibrosis are at higher risk of developing osteoporosis, a dangerous thinning of bones. This may be linked to the body's inability to absorb vitamin D, which helps build strong