11-24) I believe that Hesiod is saying that healthy competition is good behavior for the ideal person; it prevents idleness and is a path to attaining wealth which prevents poverty According to Hesiod an ideal person should be ashamed of poverty. In Works and Days he criticizes and describes idleness as shameful. He portrays the shame of poverty stricken people from idleness by writing Both gods and men are angry with a man who lives idle, for in nature he is like the stingless drones who waste the labour of the bees, eating without working; but let it be your care to order your work properly, that in the right season your barns may be full of victual.
Name: Thanh Pham Due Date: 02/14/2014 Eating Christmas in the Kalahari “Eating Christmas in the Kalahari” is a story about an anthropologist doing a participant observation among the !Kung, a small group of people living in the Kalahari Desert. Richard Lee, the anthropologist, wanted to give the !Kung a large ox as a Christmas gift. However, the !Kung, instead of appreciating the gift, complained that the ox, which was the largest and meatiest ox to Lee, was old and thin to the point of death. This is a perfect example related to the terms cross-cultural misunderstanding (between the culture of Lee and the culture of the !Kung), ethnocentrism and cultural shock. “Cultural differences lead to misunderstandings, as people move from one culture to another, particularly when the same behavior has different meanings in the new setting.” The !Kung never appreciate the animal shared by the hunter.
His skill as a hunter is what made him a famous marksman and his experience as a scout help on his journey to find the Munro sisters. He cherished his friendship with Uncas and Chingachgook, who were the last two Mohican Indians of their tribe. Hawkeye has a unique background where it has difficulties of both Indian and White culture. With these two cultures, he has both productive and disturbingly racist convictions. His way of thinking is therefore seen as a bit controversial as on one instance, he makes judgment without regarding the race or individuality of others and on another instance; he was torn apart as he objects to interracial sexual desire.
Lee thought that the ox that he bought couldn’t be better. He was just perfect for him, fatty with a lot of meat. It was the ideal gift to thank them during Christmas time. However, he became very disappointed when the tribe told him “Do you expect us to eat that bag of bones?” although “It looked enormous” to him. At no time he thought that the problem might be something within him “Are you out of your mind?” When he realized the joke “Yes, when a young man kills such meat he comes
When he uses phrases such as “eyes of chipped granite” and “years of waddlesome sloth” are extremely effective at showing and not just telling. Bill Bryson shows insecurity about his “Manly hood” and is ashamed that he is not as rugged as those other men that he sees at the diner. A great example of this is when he says that seeing them makes him “feel like such a cupcake”. He is unhappy with his current “manliness” and is determined to do something about it. He creates a mixed mood in this paragraph because you don’t know whether you should feel bad or fall on the floor laughing at him.
An example of this could be avoiding to do work because free time brings pleasure but doing work causes boredom which then causes pain. Bentham states how we make our own decisions using the outcome of pleasure as something to strive for and by doing so we should also be striving for the greatest good for the greatest number which can increase pleasure in the world. Secondly, the principle of utility is the part which follows the motivation of human beings. Bentham developed the principle of utility to state how the right or wrong actions can be determined by its usefulness. The usefulness relates to the extent of the greatest amount of happiness which someone can bring to themselves.
When people choose to help others, they only do it for personal gain. We act to increase our own good or benefit. The difference between ethical and physiological egoism is that in ethical egoism, we have a choice to act selfish and we should choose to. In psychological egoism, we naturally act selfish. Universal egoism is another branch.
One example in 23.4, he said that human Xing is rather selfish, like to get warm when in cold, to get full when in hunger. The reason for people becoming not selfish is that we learn from social norms, guidelines and rituals. Another example is in 23.6, he said that human Xing is to get benefits for your own self. If people just follow their own Xing, even brothers will fight for their own benefits, but if people are taught with rituals and virtues, they will even defer to people they do not know. This means that our benevolent behaviors come from artifice but not from our spontaneity.
I resorted to blaming him because he was too humane for his own good. However, at the end, I guess it didn’t matter. The boy was gone. The new neighbors weren’t as warm. I tried extensively to become friendly with them, I really did.
Under- indulging Has Its Benefits Under- indulging, the word doesn’t exist has its own importance in people’s life. Under- indulging means under satisfactory of something. Under- indulging has its own benefits like understanding the value of our own needs, importance of hard work to satisfy our needs, and happiness after satisfying our needs. When we don’t have something special, which we want so preciously in our life, we can understand value of that special thing. As an example, if one person has everything he wants, he couldn’t understand the value of precious things because he has it already and he hasn’t faced lack of satisfaction.