They state that the reason of this increase and growing rate is because of women in poverty and also the increased drug related offenses prosecuted against women. Most of the women in prison are there from committing nonviolent crimes and the women who are there for violent crimes; the majority of them are there for killing their abusive partners. A way to lower the incarceration rate of women is to make the current felony drug charges misdemeanors and by providing extra services behind bars to deal with things such as domestic, sexual, physical, emotional, and mental abuse (McCoy 9). Addressing these issues before incarceration and during will help women fit back into
Structured Inequality in the Justice System Brianna Fanello Chamberlain College of Nursing STRUCTURED INEQUALITY IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM Racial profiling has been used by law enforcement to stop, detain, question, search, and sometimes justify the use of excessive force against African Americans, Latinos, Arab Americans, Muslims, and other minority groups. According to the U.S. Justice Department, in 2003 about 10.4 percent of all African American men between ages 25-29 were incarcerated, as compared to 2.4 percent of Hispanic men and 1.2 percent of Non-Hispanic White men. This is evidence that higher poverty populations have more problems with the prison system. This paper will take an in-depth into these startling statistics. Furthermore, it will look how racial profiling is unnecessary in keeping Americans safe, as well as how racial profiling impacts our society as a whole, and solutions for the future.
The demographic group most affected by the war on drugs and the incarceration boom are the juveniles. Youth who turn to drugs and alcohol abuse are faced with harsh reality at YSI Facilities, another branch of the private prison industry. Rather than being charged with fines appropriate to their offenses and being sent to rehabilitation or other forms of drug treatment, non-violent offenders are locked away with long, harsh sentences. This profit-driven war on drugs and other substance abuse ruins the lives of the inmates, turning them into harder criminals by exposing them to such environments. According to a project run by The Huffington Post, 40% of juvenile offenders sent to private prisons on account of drug related crimes are arrested and convicted of harsher crimes in less than a year from their release (Kirkham).
Labor trafficking accounted for 12 percent of incidents, and other or unknown forms of human trafficking made up the remaining five percent; about a third of these incidents involved sex trafficking of children (January 2009). A shocking 92 percent of women involved in sex trafficking activities used drugs and alcohol to cope with their experiences and a half of those women didn’t use drugs or alcohol until they entered the sex industry (Raymond and Hughes, 12). 43 percent of U.S. women tried to leave the sex industry, but 27 percent of those women said that it was hard to leave because of drug addictions, economic necessity, and pimps that beat or threatened them and their
Faced with trouble in prison, Sophia is sent to SHU despite being the victim of hate-crimes because she is the minority in the situation (being both a racial minority and transgender.) OITNB shows white women get a warning for the same behaviour that gets black women thrown in solitary (). Preferential treatment occurs while a celebrity white woman receives a sentence for a white-collar crime, and instead of being subjected to the de-humanizing treatment that is normal in prison, still receives celebrity treatment. The stark contrast of prison life from different racial perspectives highlight the inequalities of the criminal justice
From the readings of Rape-Prone Versus Rape-Free Campus Cultures, I read, I gathered some very pressing issues for black women and horrible acts that they are being succumbed to such as domestic violence, and rape. In the black community in particular, there is a continuous increase of domestic violence cases, race cases, and other various sexual exploitation that is going on concerning black women. In the Vibe Magazine article, it talks about domestic violence in the music industry particularly against rappers and their significant others. The article starts off by telling the story of the relationship of Christopher and his wife Liza. Throughout the course of their 10 year relationship, Christopher also known as "Big Pun" abused Liza on frequent
Another example of how strain applies to these women can be seen in Agnew’s writings when he said “Data suggest that child abuse and neglect negative school experiences, chronic unemployment, and residence in deprived communities are important causes sate anger and that such anger explains much of the effective of strains on crime.” (Agnew, Chp. 9) The presentation of negative stimuli or in the case of the African American battered women this was the abuse they received, regularly, which will cause large amounts of strain. The way most of these women dealt with the abuse was through drug and alcohol
The consequence of these roles and stereotypes has resulted in their disproportional presence as offenders. In which the incarceration rates for Black women are and have always been higher than her proportion to the general population (Lewis, 1981, p. 93 & Russell-Brown, 2004 p. 125). French (1978, p. 333) further elaborated, “The female population had a higher proportion of Blacks than did the male populations.” Historically, and still in some ways the criminal justice system has been biased against African Americans. Furthermore, it has been noted that women are often treated differently within the criminal justice system. Lastly, it has been well documented within the oppression framework that the law is biased against the lower class.
Minorities in America’s Prisons Renita Redding ENG 122 Instructor: Sharon Linne November 23, 2014 Since the 18th century imprisonment has been the method of punishing crime in America. Today there are about two million people incarcerated in federal and state prison institutions in the United States (Page, Whetstone, 2014). The most alarming statistic associated with America’s prison population is the disproportionate number of minorities that are represented. According to Page and Whetstone, “the United States’ unprecedented expansion of imprisonment since the late 1970’s has disproportionately affected African Americans, intensifying inequality and transferring the way some people look at race issues”. Even though, there is an array
She recognizes the plight of slave women, and that they were slavery’s greatest victims. Even though male slaves had it bad as well, women were the ones with the double standard. We can see that these women slaves experienced a more horrific and traumatic side of slavery then men. They were sexually exploited, they were psychologically confused to womanhood, and they had to endure the hardships of motherhood in very harsh conditions. According to Henry Bibb, a former slave, “a poor slave's wife can never be ... true to her husband contrary to the will of her master.