Women are most vulnerable to different forms of discrimination, including sexual harassment or abuse. Women that do not fit the “norm”, such as lesbians, face increased risk of torture and abuse. Racism and economic discrimination are totally linked to sexism in our culture, creating severe inequalities in the court system and the prison system. For example, black women are twice as likely to be convicted of killing their abusive husbands than are white women, and black women receive longer jail time and higher fines than do to white women for the same crimes. Stiffer punishment for crack cocaine use also has landed more black women in prison, and for longer sentences than white women (and men).
Although crimes for women are increasing, most of these crimes, are non violent crimes, and statistics do not so much, if any show increases, in violent crimes. After reviewing my studies, and writings, I wanted to look at not only reasons women are committing more crimes, but look at the rehabilitation rates of women incarcerated. Women’s Crime Rate is on the Rise. Statistics show women’s crime rate is on the rise. There are many factors that contribute to the increased crime among females.
Differences regarding the definition of sexual harassment, and the various methodologies used by researchers, will ultimately have a significant impact on the levels of sexual harassment reported. The way in which surveys ask respondents about sexual harassment and the methods used to collect data can have a profound impact on the findings (Smolensky & Kleiner, 2006). A World Health Organization (WHO) (Heise, 1999) multi country study, which examined women's health and domestic violence, found that the percentage of women who were reporting sexual abuse before the age of 15 in a face-to-face interview almost doubled when women were able to report their experiences anonymously. While qualitative methodologies, such as interviews, may be seen as more effective in terms of gaining an in-depth understanding of the experiences of victims of sexual harassment, such data collection techniques may in fact produce unreliable results because of respondents' reluctance to disclose such information face-to-face (Watts & Zimmerman, 2002). Thus, research into the actual methodologies used in sexual harassment studies would be extremely
Gluck argues that the ‘Rosie’ era was bigger than the players involved and that it had direct effects on women’s accepted skill sets and ‘place’ within the working sector over the 3 decades following the end of WWII. Gluck also argues that during her research, she questions the accuracy and legitimacy of labor statistics linked to the ‘Rosies’ and the seemingly general unspoken bias that is implied in the written
It also explains how fast the number of prisoners have been increasing. Eliason, M. J., Taylor, J. Y., & Williams, R. (n.d.). Physical health of Women in Prison: Relationship to Opression. Retrieved May 1, 2013, from Sage Journals website: http://jcx.sagepub.com/content/10/2/175.abstract This article is related to my topic and it is helpful because it exaplins about the health of women in prison. it mentions that women are fastest growing segment of the criminal justice system and are entering the system with far greater health problems, so with the less access to health services how do women survive in the
The Court in People v. Aris, 215 Cal App 3d 1194, 264 Cal Rptr 167, 178 (1989) stated that "battered women tend to stay in abusive relationships for a number of reasons." Among those reasons: women are still positively reinforced during the honeymoon phase; women tend to be the peacekeepers in relationships - the ones responsible for making the marriage work; adverse economic consequences; it is more dangerous to leave than to stay; prior threats by batterer to kill self, or children; or to abscond with children; lost self-esteem; and no psychological energy to leave - resulting in a learned helplessness or psychological paralysis. "Battered woman syndrome describes a pattern of psychological and behavioral symptoms found in women living in battering relationships." There are four general characteristics of the syndrome: 1. She believes that the violence was her fault.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, 30 (2006), 173–186. Blackwell Publishing, Inc. Printed in the USA. Copyright C 2006 Division 35, American Psychological Association. 0361-6843/06 THE EVALUATION OF A SEXUAL ASSAULT SELF-DEFENSE AND RISK-REDUCTION PROGRAM FOR COLLEGE WOMEN: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY Christine A. Gidycz, Cindy L. Rich, Lindsay Orchowski, Carrie King, and Audrey K. Miller Ohio University The present study evaluated the efficacy of a sexual assault risk-reduction program that included a physical self-defense component for college women (N = 500).
Probably understanding why the women stayed would bring in solutions from another angle to solve the problem of domestic violence. Qualitative data was collected from 12 women in form of in depth interviews and also 8 focus group discussions were conducted. Six women were from matrilineal marriages and the other six were recruited from patrilineal societies. The study established that there are deeper reasons which make women stay in violence and these are rooted in the traditional reasons of children, poverty, isolation, etc. the reason women stay in violence are mainly a function of self and interconnectedness with the social networks of societies.
Drug abusing women are a very different group of abusers. They are also a group that is the most disadvantaged in the United States. Most people believe that substance abuse among women is very low but that couldn’t be further from the truth. Alcohol and drug abuse among women occurs at similar rates among poor and non-poor people and among white people and people of color. Some of the things that women have or do face and cause them to abuse drugs are being physically or sexually abused as a child or even as an adult, being victimized as an adult by some sort of domestic violence, and having a spouse or partner that also partakes in abusing drugs.
(Covert, 2013) There are all kinds of discrimination at the workplace for women. Women are still being paid lower salaries for performing the same jobs as men. Women are also being judged by different standards and not being considered for certain positions and promotions based on their gender. It is shocking that women are still being paid a lower salary then their male co-workers. According to Isaacs, for many years the difference between men and women's pay rates is growing rapidly.