Structured Inequality in the Justice System

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Structured Inequality in the Justice System Brianna Fanello Chamberlain College of Nursing STRUCTURED INEQUALITY IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM Racial profiling has been used by law enforcement to stop, detain, question, search, and sometimes justify the use of excessive force against African Americans, Latinos, Arab Americans, Muslims, and other minority groups. According to the U.S. Justice Department, in 2003 about 10.4 percent of all African American men between ages 25-29 were incarcerated, as compared to 2.4 percent of Hispanic men and 1.2 percent of Non-Hispanic White men. This is evidence that higher poverty populations have more problems with the prison system. This paper will take an in-depth into these startling statistics. Furthermore, it will look how racial profiling is unnecessary in keeping Americans safe, as well as how racial profiling impacts our society as a whole, and solutions for the future. Profiling based on race, ethnicity, and religion is a discriminatory practice that violates civil rights and does little to help apprehend criminals therefore, should be banned in the United States. Prevalence/History of Racial Profiling There are many who contend that the police racially profile Blacks and Hispanics, in that they stop, question, and search minorities solely on the basis of race or ethnicity. Racial profiling may take the form of differences in sentencing, what charges are brought, the decision of the jury, and the final sentencing. Even if African Americans and Whites commit crimes at the same rate, stopping African Americans more frequently than others will result in a higher African Americans arrest rate and ultimately incarceration rate. African American men as well as Hispanics are pulled over for minor traffic violations or vehicle defects more often than Whites. Furthermore, they are searched, detained for questioning, arrested,

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