Note that the emphasis is on the individual, because free-markets enable the individual to prosper, and in turn, society improves for the greater good. Locke sees capitalism as the highest form of economic evolution, but Marx believes it is just a step toward his better, collective system. Marxism emphasizes the collective group and, in my view, deemphasizes the individual to the detriment of the whole, which is why true Marxism has never worked and never will (but will live forever in fantasy worlds dreamt up by unemployed liberal arts majors). Private property is the motivating factor that keeps society functioning. Without it, we would simply waste away.
“Nothing to Lose but Their Chains” Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels Marx and Engels outline what the revolution will be like in “Nothing to Lose but Their Chains.” They start with Communists being criticized for desiring to abolish the ability to obtain private property. However, laborers do not acquire property; they create capital, which is controlled by bourgeois and used to exploit them. The capital represents a social power, and by changing it to a common property simply changes the social character, by losing its class character. This idea challenges bourgeois freedom, and is why they disapprove of it. Despite the bourgeois claim, Communism does not keep people from appropriating the products of labor; instead it keeps them from oppressing others in the process.
It is often considered that the Democratic party is more for the people and the Republican party is for the wealthy and those able to provide for themselves through free enterprise. Based upon economics, the Republican party feels as though the United States has established its dominance and greatness through free enterprise. They believe that innovation and economic growth has come from it. The Democratic party views the economy as too complicated for the everyday person hence why they feel the government should aid in all business decisions through the establishment of labor unions. The main contrast here is that
If America were Communist If America turned into a communist state, all aspects of my life would be affected. Communism would never be incorporated into the US because it is associated with a loss of individual rights, which is treasured by the American people. But if Communism were theoretically accepted, this is what would happen: Everything from how much money you make at work to healthcare would be drastically transformed. Everyone in the United States would make the same amount of money and have the same amount of wealth. Healthcare would also be free.
Therefore, during the 1961 British Guiana elections, Kennedy was determined to deny Jagan power. John F. Kennedy did not make a good choice by carrying out a coup in the British Guiana to overthrow Jagan. Although Cheddi Jagan was a declared communist, he posed no threat to the United States. The British Guiana was an insignificant colony for the Western Hemisphere; however, Kennedy was unwilling to let any country become communist. Besides that Cheddi Jagan was a communist, John F. Kennedy did not have a valid reason to overthrow the British Guiana government.
What would happen to the world if the people were literally equal in every aspect of their lives? In Kurt Vonnegut's short story, "Harrison Bergeron," the world is finally living up to America's first amendment of everyone being created equal. Nobody was smarter than anybody else. In this society, the gifted, strong, and beautiful are required to wear handicaps of earphones, heavy weights, and hideous masks, respectively. For others, who do not receive these punishments, the handicaps may seem appropriate; to keep the playing field level.
The war had caused the USA and the USSR to become the new superpowers of the world. They had been allies in the defeat of Germany but with different ideologies, suspicions grew and conflicts began. The USA was democratic in that the public elected people from different parties whereas the USSR was a one party dictatorship where people could only vote for communists. This meant that everything was owned by the state and every one’s individual rights were closely controlled as they believed the most important thing was the good of society as a whole. This differs to the USA, who was Capitalist, which meant private individuals owned industry and kept the profits.
He also argued that the American society restrains the ability of certain individuals to satisfy those appetites due to the social structure of the society. To explain this hypothesis, Merton began by indicating that the culture of any society expounds certain objectives that are worth striving for. He affirmed that the American society inspires all the people to seek the greatest amount of wealth using the institutionalized means(hard work, honesty). Moreover, Merton insisted that the American culture is founded on an ideology of equality between all individuals which
Plato's society is one built around excellence and formed under an aristocratic class that thrives off of the necessity to be as first-rate as possible. Unlike most caste systems, his differs in that each class is so because of their individual excellence in their specified area of expertise: "There are three distinct classes, any meddling of one with another, or the change of one into another, is the greatest harm to the State, [and] on the other hand when the trader, the auxiliary, and the guardian each do their own business, that is morality and will make the city just" (433b). To keep his society of excellence
In such a society elimination of money-making boundaries are decided by the government so everyone has an equal chance of benefiting from the resources. This results in abolition of classes, which eradicate crime. Same goes for health care in communism health care services and all other related facilities are equally provided to the citizens, regardless of any discrimination. On the contrary in Capitalism, emphasis on the accumulation of wealth and its application in the free market takes place. Which for a short period of time seems and works fine but if we take a look in a longer run it ends up being the downfall for every society.