They preferred a pretty strict construction of the constitution and look down on Hamilton’s ideas for a national bank and saw them as unconstitutional. The party promoted states' rights and they were threatened by the supposed, the far too powerful tendencies of the Federalist Party which they had seen before with Great Britain. These Democratic Republicans favored Agriculture and opposed the tariffs that Hamilton had proposed; for these supporters mostly included skilled workers, small scale farmers, and plantation owners. So it is safe to say the majority of these types of supporters were vast in the southern frontier states as opposed to their rivals in the northeastern states who were more on the business side of things. Democratic Republicans all in all wanted things to remain the same in the U.S government because they felt that giving more power to the national government by way of national bank or tax would slowly get rid of the people’s voice in politics creating a rerun of the previous outcome with Great Britain.
BENTHAM developed the notion of democracy as a form protection for the individual into a case for universal suffrage. Utilitarian’s have argued that individuals will vote so as to advance or defend their interest. Bentham believed that universal suffrage is the only way of promoting the greatest happiness for the greatest number. However, liberals also have an ambivalent view of democracy. Liberalism places great stress on the protection of individual’s rights while democracy emphasise on collective control.
The first point that I am bringing up is Conservatism and Economics, conservatism is in support of the free market. When the United States became a more industrialized nation conservatives started to be more interested in the free market and the limiting of the government and also focus on the individual rights to own property, which tends to come from the classical liberalism ideology (power point, modern conservatism pg 1). Modern conservatism has kept the idea from classical liberals that property and business are about
Politically, conversatism consisted of the hereditary monarchy, a democracy that was rejected, and political decisions made by the monarch and his personal advisors. Liberalism favored the governments that were based on constitutions and separation of powers. It was a supporter of a republican government, or a constitutional monarchy where the ruler is elected by the people. Socially, conservatism wanted social order, much like the Three Estates System, while liberalism defended the natural rights of all people to liberty, equality, and property. The Industrial Revolution was rejected by the conservatives because it brought more power to the bourgeoisie, who owned the means of production, while it weakened the nobles.
Thoreau then talks about the issue of change through democratic ways. He believes that the real problem is trying to reform with those who don’t approve of the government choices but silently offer their loyalty. Thoreau sees an opposite relationship between money and freedom. The poor man has the greatest freedom to fight because he depends the least on the government
Within a republic there are still government positions, each possessing specific powers and even rank. These officials are still elected by the citizens of the United States, but they often possess powers that cannot be altered or motivated by the common individual. The most powerful way for citizens to influence government is by voting –
It also stressed the political role of the independent landowner and warned against the tendency of political power to encroach upon liberty. A republic demanded a virtuous citizenry and thus a high moral code to ensure continued freedom. The founders thought that luxury, factionalism, and other vices were ever-present dangers, seeds of destruction that lurked in the souls of their fellow citizens and within themselves. (1) Additionally, a man's investment in luxuries signaled to his fellow Americans that he might support the ideas of aristocracy and monarchy instead of republicanism. Therefore republicanism called for thriftiness, simplicity and plainness in all things, be it fashion or food.
The Republicans wanted the power of the government/democracy to be in the direct hands of the people, the majority of the people who supported the Republicans were the poor/middle class workers and farmers. Conversely, the Federalists tried their best to gain the support of the wealthy and powerful. They wanted a well-educated ruling class that would be in charge of representing the people. Economics were another issue the two parties could not agree on. Like the strong central government, the Federalists were in favor of a strong national bank.
The economy would be ruled by natural laws of “survival of the fittest” and “supply and demand.” These ideas favored captains of industries like Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller. They had their own monopolies and used dictatorial/tyrannical ways to exploit the workers. In the Progressive Era, the idea of industrial freedom and democracy came in. Workers were thought to not only deserve better wages and working conditions, they also should make some economic decisions and have rights to
The “American Dream” is built upon the idea of expanding one’s own ability due to the opportunities provided through having a democratic government and capitalist economy. Essentially though, there is no freedom among people that determines their success because ideas and materials which may attribute to prosperity are only in result of supply and demand. Representatives are put into power because they supply people with the notions which they demand, and businesses succeed due to supplying a service people which they demand. An individual can only succeed by having an extraordinary idea which grants people with something they were not aware of their want for. Although occupation is seemingly a person’s own choice, “we, the proletariat, don’t have the means to make our own living as we like, to create the society we’d like to live in.