Plato's Noble Lie

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In Plato's The Republic, the reader is supplied with a detailed blueprint of the necessary stepping stones for constructing a thriving society. Over the course of the piece, Plato discusses what constitutes justice in a community, and how that political equity can be maintained between ranks. He separates the city into a Ruling Class of "Guardians", an Auxiliary Class, and a class of farmers and producers. In order for the city to grow and prosper, a competent ruling class is essential, and throughout the book, he delves into complex theories on what hones good leaders, among them his theory of "The Noble Lie". In the perfect society, Plato believes that it is necessary for rulers to occasionally refrain from telling the whole truth. He explains why it is in the best interest of the governing class to lie to its working classes in order to maintain the structure of power. First, he discusses his reasoning behind The Guardian class. His system of rulers is based on individual ability, unlike most ruling systems where the people in charge become so based off of family history and financial status (in The Republic, Guardians are not specifically wealthy or poor, as he believes either circumstance would render them unable to accomplish their work). Plato's society is one built around excellence and formed under an aristocratic class that thrives off of the necessity to be as first-rate as possible. Unlike most caste systems, his differs in that each class is so because of their individual excellence in their specified area of expertise: "There are three distinct classes, any meddling of one with another, or the change of one into another, is the greatest harm to the State, [and] on the other hand when the trader, the auxiliary, and the guardian each do their own business, that is morality and will make the city just" (433b). To keep his society of excellence

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