Secondly, Euthyphro suggests that “piety is what is dear to the gods, and impiety is that which is not dear to them” (Plato, 2008). Socrates feels this answer is closer to his expectation of what piety is. However, he points out that the gods often quarrel, so what is agreeable to one might not be agreeable to all. Euthpyro
In #10 he asks us to ask ourselves what capacity we have within ourselves to deal with a particular situation, “If hardship comes to you, find endurance,” (p14) so that we might not let outside influences affect our own happiness, and that our happiness can be created only by our own judgments, perceptions, decisions and actions. Plato, on the other hand addresses happiness as attainable through the actions of the just man. Through Socrates he points out that the man who never falls sick is happier than the man who is cured from sickness, “Happiness surely does not consist in being delivered from evils, but in never having them,” which could be what Epictetus is suggesting – avoiding negativity all together – or at the very least, not perceiving these situations to be negative. All three of the Ancients address the function of human beings in some form or another. Aristotle says that we are considered to be good when we perform our function well, when we are excellent at our purpose in life.
The significance of this analogy is to convey that one must only listen to the ones with more knowledge. Socrates thinks that wrongdoing damages the soul and that cirtue benefits the soul. According to Socrates our soul is more important than our body. Socrates thinks our soul is the most important thing because it is what we are and it will continue on after our bodies die. Socrates says that "one must never willingly do wrong" because wrongdoings damage the soul.
The teacher perceives that although the philosopher king would be the finest choice for a ruler, it was much more likely that for a despot to hold the position of power. The Socrates makes is that a philosopher would make the best king. If a man could possess both philosophic thinking, and the proper skills necessary for ruling an assembly of people, said the teacher, then he would be the perfect king. I partially understand; however, I’m not aware of what qualities a philosopher has that make him so perfect. Allow me to explain.
Plato argues that Aeschylus’ theories have holes because of deception or death. While living the good life one can logically avoid obstacles such as deceit. Queen Clytaemntestra rule in Oresteia is an example of this. Plato addresses the exact ways to ultimately reach true happiness in the Republic and tells the audience specifically how to achieve the good life. Although there are vague similarities between both plays, we notice the path some characters chose do not lead to the good life no matter how wise they seem to be.
Actions are then just if they sustain or are consonant with such harmony. Such a conception of individual justice is virtue ethical because it ties justice (acting justly) to an internal state of the person rather than to (adherence to) social norms or to good consequences; but Plato's view is also quite radical because it at least initially leaves it an open question whether the just individual refrains from such socially proscribed actions as lying, killing, and stealing. Plato eventually seeks to show that someone with a healthy, harmonious soul wouldn't lie, kill, or steal, but most commentators consider his argument to that effect to be highly deficient. Aristotle is generally regarded as a virtue ethicist par excellence, but his account of justice as a virtue is less purely virtue ethical than Plato's because it anchors individual justice in situational factors that are largely external to the just individual. Situations and communities are just, according to Aristotle, when individuals receive benefits according to their merits, or virtue: those most
Plato however sees that living in ignorance is living away from the truth and being a philosopher, argues that we should always question the world we live in. An example of this would be in Plato’s analogy of the cave because the prisoners were happy in their un-real world and playing their games but even though they were extremely ignorant to reality, they were very happy and content with their lives. Plato believes that this is wrong and that only philosophers are brave enough to become enlightened and see the world for what it is. Socrates also agrees with Plato on this and a quote to prove this would be that “a philosopher does not indulge in any pleasures of the body, he cannot gain wisdom through hearing or seeing they being finite” which applies to wise philosophers and not ignorant men. Contentment should be out of fullness and not laziness.
compare and contrast Many people may feel that Socrates and Dr. King made their decisions off of unjust morals in no regard to the heath and safety to any other human being. Socrates and Dr. King may have caused harm not only to themselves but to their society as well. It only may have looked that way to some but that is not the case of these two great human beings. Socrates and Dr. King changed the way people feel, act, and think toward the rule or law which stood in their time. Even though these two men have differences of have they provided there point of view to the society but they also had similarities of how they made their points across to society.
All the other residents of Athens are trying to build up the minds of the youth and promoting their well being. In the same breath, however, he claims that no one would intentionally make the youth of Athens (or anyone for that matter) worse so long as he lives among these people. This means that either Socrates is not making the people worse or he is doing so unintentionally. Simply put, this claim makes no common sense. According to what Meletus is saying, Socrates is guilty, yet not guilty and therefore, does not deserve punishment.
“Apology” February 20, 2013 As I read the Apology written by Plato I noticed that Socrates makes his defense in a question and answer type of structure. He is very wise as to asking the right questions. He tries to make Meletos answer his questions as it will prove Socrates defense later. Socrates tries to make Meletos contradict himself and therefore, the contradictions are his defense. For instance, Socrates asks “Do not the good do their neighbors well, and the bad do them evil?