(a) Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905? The origins of the revolution in 1905 could be divided in long-term and short-term causes. Since the end of 19th century, Russian economy had been backward compared to other European countries, which had already gone through the industrial revolution, while Russian population were constantly growing, and the majority of that was peasantry. In 1892, Witte was appointed by Alexander III as the minister of finance and embarked on a program of industrial expansion trying to improve the economic situation. This industrialization was too rapid to succeed, since the foundation of economy, the agriculture of the country, had not been modernized yet.
It questioned the authority of kings, priests, and nobles. The Revolution also gave new meanings and new ideas to the political ideas of the people. Before the French Revolution, France was in a major economic crisis. There was a royal debt; the French government kept spending more money than it was receiving by taxes. This was a direct cause of the economic crises that faced the French Government.
The Seven Years’ War 1. made France lose its position as colonial power in Europe 2. lost most of its territory in America 3. destroyed the French navy 4. depleted the national treasury b. The American Revolution 1. allied with the Americans in the American Revolution 2. revolution was a success, but America owed France almost 11 million dollars by end, money couldn’t be paid back, both countries in debt 3. revolutionary ideas played a large role on France’s revolution 2. Has there been an economic crisis? a. external national debt from multiple wars b. internal bankruptcy and extravagant spending of money by nobility and aristocrats 1. extreme poverty of lower classes d. financial crisis was one of the largest contributing factors to revolution 3. Has the government committed violent or other hostile acts against the people?
King Louis XVI had bankrupt the French by supporting the American Revolution. He spent more money on maintaining his palace at Versailles then he did on supporting the French army. The need for a taxation came about and this resulted in the high rise in food prices. Only the third estate was being taxed, since nobility and clergy were exempt, and that meant that not enough taxes were being collected properly to support France. The last main cause of the Revolution was the uprising political problems.
This gap has led to the decreasing of education’s quality, and the inequality in residents’ income. Income inequality has put the United States in bad shape. Because of this unfairness, the rich are getting richer whereas the rest are struggling to survive. According to Robert Frank, a New York Times writer, excessive spending by the wealthy has “made it even more expensive for middle-class families to achieve basic financial goals” (Frank; 582). The squeezed society’s neglecting of investment has put both the rich and the poor in a society with low quality infrastructure.
1. Some factors that EuroDisney had to face during their first year were the French culture. EuroDisney never considered what the norm was for French locals. The prices were way too expensive for visitors as well as the local French person. People could not even spend the night because the hotels started at a minimum of $110 per night in 1992.
By 1787, the French government was bankrupt. It was 4000 million Livres in debt. France had spent a lot of money fighting costly wars, but had nothing to show for it. Many accused the royals, especially the Queen, for spending too much on luxuries. Some said that the tax system was corrupt, and some tax collectors did not hand in all their tax to the government.
Western Civ Sara G Essay: Catalyzed by the Enlightenment, the French Revolution signifies an epoch in which dissimilar socioeconomic classes sought a more democratic state, even though each estate’s motive differed. Given the initial ambition of the revolution, it was ultimately unsuccessful because of the people’s failures through the constitution of 1791, the establishment of the Committee of Safety, and the appointment of Napoleon as emperor. The Constitution of 1791, though nearly efficacious, failed because of Louis XVI’s inability to reign as a constitutional monarch. The National Assembly wrote the Constitution, exploiting enlightenment values as inspiration for the composition. The Constitution of 1791 incorporated ideas such as voting rights for white men who passed a test of wealth, having only one house legislature would be responsible for lawmaking, and pronouncing that the king does not have an absolute veto.
To be Ruthless means to be cruel, harsh and oppressive. To be Dictatorial means personal rule, autocratic, intolerant and tyrannical. Napoleon was both ruthless and dictatorial because he established his highly autocratic, intolerant and tyrannical rule in France in complete disregard for revolutionary ideals of democratic participation and representative democracy. Although he was supposedly a part of a three-man triumvirate, Napoleon was the only one who mattered as the First Consul. All executive power was vested in him and he had direct and indirect control of the legislative process.
This debt was further accentuated by her involvement in the American Revolution from 1775, and the government continued spending more than they were receiving in taxes. This ensured that by 1788, the royal treasury was empty. This forced heavier taxes upon the 3rd estate, such as the hated gabelle, which angered them as this level of taxing was not enforced upon the higher estates, despite the fact that they had more money. However, the 3rd estate faced graver problems than this as, from 1788 – 1789, a series of bad weather events resulted in bad crops. This was a devastating blow to France as the