What Were the Effects of 9/11 on National Security?

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On September 11, 2001 a tragic event occurred changing the national security system, for ever. That day terrorists from the group Al-Qaeda attacked the United States of America. Two airplanes full of passengers crashed into the world trade center, one plane crashed into the pentagon, and another was purposely taken down by a group of courageous passengers who took over the plane from the hijackers, crashed that plane into an open field potentially saving the lives of thousands. The attacks obviously affected people, and families all over the United States but the attacks resulted in the revolution of the nation’s security. The 9/11 attacks revealed flaws in aviation security which required an assembly of an all new aviation security system, opened a new security department, and had many indirect effects. Major flaws were exposed, causing a whole new administration to be formed. The federal government enacted a new legislation to increase air passenger safety. On November 19, 2001, President George Bush signed into law the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA). This act created a new Transportation Security Administration (TSA), which combined security efforts inside the Department of Transportation. In addition, the ATSA made several important changes in civil aviation security procedures. The two primary changes in airport security visible to passengers were the federalization of passenger security screening at all U.S. commercial airports by November 19, 2002, and the requirement to begin screening all checked baggage by December 31, 2002. The ATSA charged the TSA with overseeing security operations and implementing the mandates at all 429 commercial airports in the U.S. Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, air travelers experienced many changes in airport security procedures. For example, airlines instructed passengers to arrive at

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