Historical Essay: 9 To what extent did the unsatisfactory outcome of World War 1 lead to World War 2? The League of Nations was an establishment that was meant to be the combined authority of Europe. Instead, it became known as the collection of victors from the war without any military power. One of Wilson’s fourteen points was the creation of a League of Nations to finally combine the different nations under one roof and combine their powers to secure a safe and peaceful Europe. However, it failed to do so for a number of reasons, mainly the absence of Russia and the US leaving the League without sufficient military power to enforce their goals.
Causes of WW 11 Who, or what was to blame in causing WW 11? The Versailles Treaties have been blamed for fillnig the Germans with bitterness and the desire for revenge. The League of Nations has been for failing to secure general disarmament and collective security. The Great Depression has been mentioned because without it Hitler would never have come to power. While these factors created tension, something more was needed to create the war.
To What Extent Were Hitler’s Foreign Policy a Success - 1938 Hitler, along with many other ambitions, was determined to make Germany a leading and powerful nation once again, though several issues prevented him from doing so. Firstly, was the much detested ‘Treaty of Versailles’. For years, the people of Germany along with many others from neighbouring countries believed it was unjust, making it Hitler’s first aim – To abolish the Treaty. The Treaty forbade Germany and Austria from uniting – Anschluss, it imposed the ‘demilitarisation’ of the Rhineland, and most “unjustly” left thousands of German speaking nationals living in countries such as Poland and Czechoslovakia. Just as the Treaty was a constant reminder to Germany’s defeat in World War I, Hitler believed communism was the reason for the loss, leaving him gripped to the possibility of potential ‘communist takeover’ of Germany.
At this time Britain was extremely frustrated because the German Empire had taken control of the sea, the strength that for a long time belonged to Britain. The naval force was something that they wanted back, and therefore entered the war. It did not look very promising for either France or Britain since Russia, the German Empire and Austria-Hungary (who were the largest nations at this time) cooperated. However, since the new German emperor Wilhelm II did not care about the alliance, things went wrong. Austria-Hungary declared war with Serbia on 28 July in 1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June in 1914.
Hitler got away with this because Britain had sympathy for Germany and in 1935 signed a naval agreement with them. France was angry that Germany was re-army but there was little they could do as most countries were doing the same, especially after the disappointment of the Disarmament conference.. The failure of the League of Nations in the 1930s also contributed towards the outbreak of war. It was powerless throughout the 1920s as it was more interested in trying to keep good relations with the other countries so it would have allies against Hitler if he ever attacked. The League also didn’t work because America didn’t join and it was the American President Woodrow Wilson who created it and it would never have worked unless all the nations were allowed to join.
What Hitler had thought at the time might seem outdated to the modern society but in the truest sense it is about world association. Today, this world had fallen under the capitalist regime due to the violence that the U.S has caused in several world nations. Terrorism and all these wars that U.S have forced upon poorer nations under the hood of justice is only for their own petty benefits and nothing else. Hitler believed as a true leader that the world should have one regime, this is the ultimate need to end racism and religious conflicts. Hitler believed in development very much and it had been shown in the advancement of weaponry used by the German soldiers at the time.
The reason why so many people joined these extremists was that in the Treaty of Versailles the Germans would have to accept ‘the War guilt clause’. Everyone found this an outrage as the Germans eventually signed the Treaty. The Govterment system that was put in through the Weimar was democracy. This new system was new to Germany and looked to be crumbling after the first few years. The country had a militaristic past as which had gave the President some concerns that the old elite may try and overturn the Weimar with much support.
The Treaty of Versailles was to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939, firstly, because its one of Hitler's main aims to destroy the treaty in his foreign policy. Many Germans, including the Nazis, felt the treaty was incredibly unfair on Germany. The treaty placed restrictions on the German military, for example, only 100,000 men in the army, 6 battleships, no airforce, submarines or tanks, and only 15,000 men in the army. This would have decreased the national pride in Germany and many extremist dictators would want to rearm to restore the German pride. This meant that tensions would increase because the Germans would have wanted revenge, thus meaning a war would be very possible.
I disagree with the statement “ Increased militarism was the main cause of the second world war.” Due to the fact that it was one of the many reasons why the second world war started. I think that Appeasement was the main cause of the start of the second world war. Firstly , Britain and France followed the policy of appeasement. Appeasement was by chamberlain to satisfy Hitler’s demands. This gave Hitler confidence that Britain and France would not stop him when he invaded other countries.
The immediate cause of the Second World War was the German invasion of Poland in September 1939. Britain and France got involved by declaring war on Germany, and soon Europe and the wider world were involved in the War. However, the underlying causes of the war are much more complicated than what it seems to be. There were many factors that had contributed to the initiation of the war; the major ones were the Treaty of Versailles, the emergence of fascism and communism, the hatred of Jews, the Great Depression, the failure of the League of Nations, and the rise of dictators. The Treaty of Versailles was signed to make the Great War "the war to end all wars."