The most important conclusion Shakespeare has drawn about the nature of humanity in King Lear is the fact that evil is not something the gods have cursed you with at birth but it is something that you choose for yourselfACt . The contrast he uses shows us that Edmoud had everything he needed to be good, he had the look and he had the attitude , but ultimately he chose to wrong path, he was blinded by power and his need to be treated as an equal. Later in that scene  after his brother is wounded Edgar affirms his belief that the gods play no hand in the evilness of the world through his dialogue “The gods are just, and of our pleasant vices make instruments to plague us” he states that the gods are fair and only punish us with our own wrong doings, even Edmoud agrees with him. Edmonds good side does make an appearance, towards the end of act 5 scene 3, “ Despite of mine own nature. Quickly send – be brief in it – to th’castle; for my wit is on the life of Lear and Cordelia” , in this remorseful dialogue Edmond`
Oedipus Tyrannus is written by Sophocles serves to distanced ourselves from gods, a point Sophocles uses to drive home the point: In absences of divine intervention, human are capable of acting in a moral and ethical manner. The Gods are not present in the story at all. While assuming that the gods inflicted Oedipus's suffering just as other greek tragedies leads us to incorrect conclusion. But if we view Oedipus's blinding and banishment not as punishments by the gods but as the logical and moral conclusion we can shed light on the moral structure to
This is because Transcendentalists believe the only way to find peace is by being self- reliant. This opinion is repeated in Thoreau’s, “Civil Disobedience Part 1”: “All machines have their friction; and possibly this does enough good to counterbalance the evil… I say, let us not have such a machine any longer” (4). The “friction” Thoreau talks of represents the lack of self-manning that becomes present in society when machines are brought in. This would be an important issue to Transcendentalists as self-manning is key to living life. When the author voices his
Explain Benthams Utiliarianism (30 marks) The theory of utilitarianism was put forward entierly by Jeremy Bentham, who wrote about Ethics and Politics. He was a social reformer keen to improve the lives of the working class. Many of the improvements made in the treatments of criminals in the 18th and 19th centuries were the results of Benthems ethics. Bentham believed that which is good is that which equals the greatest sum of pleasure and the least sum of pain. (Hedonism).
A quote by Emerson that states this perfectly is, “Man’s failure to see light is caused by standing in his own shadow.” Emerson believed that a man should not be what he is not. "There is a time in every man's education when he arrives at the conviction that envy is ignorance; that imitation is suicide." What he meant was if a man is envious of other people, he will ignore all merits of himself and if a man imitates other people, he will lose his identity - like suicide. Emerson believed that you should be all that you are and nothing else. Imitation was the lowest thing you could do and doing so is committing suicide.
Euripides proverb means so much but in less words. By saying the future is dead; he means nothing good is coming for you from the future because now these days, to get a good job, you need a good education. Also, by saying” losses the past,” he means that there’s no going back to fix the past. In addition, learning at a young age gets you loving to learn and a good understandment of the real life situation. Euripides proverb hit me!
It is possible to argue about definition for a long time. To us the classics is closer. In Greek Platon's "Paideia" (IV ad.) a problem about an possibility and limits of attempts to improve man's life was put in a classical form. There are three classical approaches: Education of each separate citizen of a society (sometimes groups of the citizens) directly through introduction of ethical norms, developed by sages.
Plato was concerned with the raising of children in a world where ethics were considered as relative to the contrary laws of the differing states. In Plato’s Republic, in which he compares the workings of a superlative republic with the ideal psyche, he was committed to defining justice and goodness so that it may be implicated by what he describes as his ‘Ideal State’ and set in
Aristotle theorizes that a city naturally comes into being as a result of physical necessity, and the natural completion of the smaller partnerships, the household and the village. Yet he looks to human nature to distinguish the deeper purpose of the city. Because man is a naturally social, as Aristotle pointed out in The Politics, therefore man is also naturally political. Along the same lines, Aristotle maintains that human beings have speech, in which they can employ for the purpose to communicate their ideas about the just and the unjust. The prominent philosopher Aristotle puts it, Nature, as we say, does nothing without some purpose; and she has endowed man
Albert Camus presents an unorthodox and absurdist approach towards analyzing “The Myth of Sisyphus”. He deems Sisyphus as an absurdist hero in an attempt to convey an absurdist philosophy of life. The myth entails an idea that life ultimately has no meaning, and in order to achieve happiness in life we must accept the meaningless of life. If we are devoid of hope to achieve something preferable compared to our current position in life, then we will live in pleasure. If we accept in the end, that there is no preferable meaning of life that is to be attained, then we can accept our fate without grief.