What Is Sickle Cell Anemia?

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Sickle Cell Anemia Every year Sickle Cell Anemia claims 501 lives and affects 72,000 others. Some may ask "What is Sickle Cell Anemia?" It derived from Ancient Greek meaning "lack of blood". It is a disease passed down through families, in which hemoglobin and developed red blood cells become irregularly shaped like crescents or sickles. In addition, having this type of anemia causes the red blood cells (RBCs) to become hard and pointed. Since hemoglobin (found inside RBCs) normally carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues, anemia leads to hypoxia (lack of oxygen) in organs. As a result, the RBCs function abnormally causing small blood clots, and can get stuck in the blood vessels. When this occurs, circulation in the blood…show more content…
They should take folic acid (vital for producing RBC) because red blood cells alter quickly. The purpose of treatment is to manage and control symptoms, and to limit the number of crises that occur. During crises episodes, patients are treated with pain medicines and by drinking water. It's important to treat the pain. Non-narcotic medications may be effective, but most patients need narcotics. Hydroxyurea (Hydrea) is a drug some sufferers use to reduce the number of their episodes. Unfortunately, this medication does not work for everyone. Blood transfusions are used to treat sickle cell crises. They may also be used on a regular basis to help prevent strokes. Bone marrow transplants can cure SCA, but there are many life threatening risks. Antibiotics and vaccines are given to prevent infections, which are common in kids with…show more content…
Also, it is much more common in people in African and Mediterranean descent. Someone who inherits the hemoglobin S gene from one parent and normal hemoglobin (A) from the other parent will have the sickle cell trait. Although, people with sickle cell traits do not have the symptoms of true sickle cell anemia, genetic counseling and regular eye exams are still recommended. In addition to, finding a cause doctors run tests to diagnose and monitor the patients with SCA. They include a complete blood count (CBC), hemoglobin electrophoresis, and a sickle cell test. Other tests include, blood oxygen, serum potassium, white blood cell count,

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