What, in Your View, Were the Short Term Impacts of Zemstva Reforms on Russian Government and Society?

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What, in your view, were the short term impacts of Zemstva reforms on Russian Government and society? Established by Alexander II of Russia, the Zemstva were a form of local government instituted during the great liberal reforms. The idea of a self-governing body was to improve services to things such as the economy, public health, education and agriculture. The reforms brought change to the practical aspect of the government, the Russian society and also to the politics of Russia. Including the local communities and peasants into many aspects of Russia had some positive impacts on both the government and society. However, although the Zemstva had some arguably important impacts on imperial Russia, many of these were short term. There were practical impacts that developed from the creation of the Zemstva. The Russian famine of 1891 built up after a year of poor weather conditions leading to failure of crops and therefore the main food source for animals used for ploughing, making this an impossible situation for peasants as they were reliant on the animals and crops for their income. The rebuilding of the local areas was a job for the Zemstva, however, none of the peasants ‘knew what was meant by the Zemstvo’ yet ‘the Zemstvo was blamed for everything- for the arrears, and for the oppressions, and for the failure of the crops’. ‘ It affected between fourteen to twenty million people, of which 375,000 to 400,000 died, mostly of disease’. The fact that the Zemstvo had been blamed could present a change in the way they ran their government. Although the source could be affected as it is an extract from Anton Chekhov who was well known for his dramatised descriptions of things and therefore could be indeed exaggerating how bad the situation was and whether or not the Zemstvo were actually being blamed for ‘everything’. However, the Zemstvo failed to make a dramatic
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