How Secure Was The Tsarist Regime In 1914? Essay

702 WordsDec 8, 20113 Pages
How secure was the tsarist regime in 1914? Before the Great War between the Allies and the Central Powers, Russia had experienced a period of unrest and turmoil mainly a cause of the Tsar’s outdated and cruel system. But, however, everything seemed to look better by around about 1914. The Tsarist regime was weak because around 80% of the Russian population were peasants. Not all peasants were loyal or religious as many supported the opposition, the Social Revolutionaries. Their main discontent was over land - they resented the amount of land owned by the aristocracy, the Church and the Tsar. They also hated the conditions they had to live in and work. An example of their horrible conditions was that the life expectancy for an average peasant farmer was only forty years old. Most of the peasants wanted change and the way they could do was to get the Tsar out and they could achieve that through the Social Revolutionaries and other opposition parties. Talking on the subject for the want and need for change, throughout the years between 1905 and 1914 there were still moderates and radicals who desired change and for the Tsarist regime to be extinguished. Even with the army at the Tsar’s side he still couldn’t stop all the thousands of strikes and riots that occurred during this period. Most of these strikes were caused by the Bolsheviks. The problem was, however, that there were no real leaders present in Russia to take control of all the separate groups of revolutionaries as they were either exiled or in a different country at the time, such as Lenin, who was in London trying to run the Bolshevik party from there. The Tsarist was put at great risk because of the war because the army had to be moved to the fronts. This gave an opportunity to the Tsarist opposition to take action. The Tsar relied heavily on the army to keep control over Russia against his opponents
Open Document