However, back then numerous people didn’t comprehend just how much of an impact farmers had on their everyday lives. If you took farms away from the United States during this period of time, everything would have entirely crashed. Farmer’s had complications with making a living because the rates of being a farmer were so high, as it is stated in document B. The farmers were also being abused by the railroad companies and banks. Like it says in document F “Nothing has done more to injure the (western) region than these freight rates.” Out west the railroad companies took advantage of the people and often they would charge more than four times the Eastern rates.
Farms and factories that were prosperous during the war now faced difficulties to sell their products. The value of farmland also dropped. The 20s were a sad decade of failures for farmers. And, in the slowing economy, returning soldiers had a hard time finding jobs. During the 1920s, Americans were exposed to a variety of new inventions and products.
The farmers’ anger was further deepened at the government when the crisis remained unresolved. The farmers’ had reached boiling point when Congress passed the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, which allowed a limited amount of silver coinage, but did not solve the problem. The United States population and money in circulation between 1865 and 1895, demonstrates that between the time periods the population had almost double however the amount of money in circulation had grown only half as much. Farmer’s discontent came with the rise
This would have placated political opposition, reduced the number of strikes and strengthened the security of the monarchy. Thus, Tsarism had a good chance of survival if the industrial boom continued. The war, however, checked any possibility of this as the economy heaved and inflation rose. Living standards deteriorated as food and fuel, used up by the army, came into short supply. Add to this the grief incurred, especially among the conscripted peasant population, by 4 million military deaths in the first year of war, and no wonder opposition to the Tsar climaxed.
Summary On February 14, 1971, Hugo Schaeffer, vice president of operations at the NCC, revealed his concern that although the company had spent $75,000 on a fifth Kiwanee dumper, overtime costs were still out of control and the growers were upset that their trucks and drivers had to spend so much time waiting to unload. The superintendent, Walliston, thinks that in order to avoid the problem, NCC should buy and install two new dryers and convert the dry berry holding bins so that they can store either water-harvested or dry berries. NCC was an organization formed and owned by growers of cranberries to process and market their berries. A trend of cranberry harvest was the growing surplus of cranberries produced over those utilized. Another important trend was the increasing mechanization of cranberry harvesting and could result in yields up to 20% greater than those obtained via dry harvesting.
So this meant peasants didn’t get a lot of land, which became more of a problem because to aid industrialisation, a policy of export and starve was introduced. This meant that peasants had to sell as much grain as possible to survive, which although increased exports enormously, caused many peasants to starve and live in terrible conditions. This caused peasant’s standard of living to decrease and because export and starve was a government policy, some began to oppose the tsarist regime. Many peasants moved to cities and became workers. These workers were also crippled but enlightened by industrialisation meaning that again opposition increased.
During the Gilded Age, America was benefitting from the success of the Second Industrial Revolution and the growth of capitalism. While robber barons grew wealthy, however, industrial workers fell prey to harsh working conditions, scarce pay, and long work hours. In an effort to address these grievances, workers began to unionize and collectively voice their concerns. Despite their efforts, the labor unions of the late 1800s were unsuccessful in meeting their goals because of their inability to gain the governments’ support in the Great Railroad Strike, Homestead Strike, and Pullman Strike. Working conditions were harsh for the American industrial worker in the 1800s.
These other causes are all political social and economical factors which helped to free the serfs. And had the Tsar taken a more liberal view on his rule the emancipation may never have happened. Firstly there are many political causes for the emancipation of the serfs. The bankruptcy of nobles who were the tsar’s main supporters was, caused because of the inefficiency of using serfs to farm lands, which meant most nobles were losing money and by 1860 over 60% of serfs were mortgaged to the government meaning they were “unofficially” no longer tied to their land. This meant serfdom was already coming to its own natural end, and for Alexander II to support his nobles he had to emancipate the serfs so they could go start increasing their wealth and get out of debt.
However, due to the Industrial Revolution, America began to stray from the vision the founding fathers had for the nation in the late 1700’s and 1800’s. Though social mobility was promised to immigrants and common Americans, these same people were often exploited and left in poverty. Founding fathers, such as Thomas Jefferson, valued farming above all else, but as industrialism took hold of America, farming became much necessary, and farmers more scarce. Finally, though America’s politicians promised to hear what the common people had to say, during and after the Industrial Revolution it seemed that only the very wealthy could make any sort of impact, and there was nothing to stop them from crushing the working class underfoot. The United States of America was built on the ideal that every man should be able to make his way in the world regardless of his family or class.
An indentured servant, like Daniel Clocker, could improve his life and social position by migrating to America. Many like him took the risk as England was overpopulated and jobs were hard to find (Carr, “The Rise of Daniel Clocker”, 23-34). At 17 years old Clocker could not afford to pay for a voyage across the ocean, so he signed a contract to work for Cornwaleys, a wealthy landowner. In the contract, he agreed to work for Cornwaleys for four years. Most likely Clocker was working on a tobacco plantation for Cornwaleys in Maryland; tobacco was the main cash crop of the early colonies.