Was Ww1 the Main Reason for the Pg's Downfall? Essay
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Was WW1 the main reason for the PG’s downfall in 1917?
There are three key reasons why the Provisional Government (PG) fell in October 1917: Russia’s continued participation in World War One (WW1), the tactics and interference from the Bolsheviks and the Kornilov affair. While some may argue the other reasons previously mentioned hold significance, which they do, ultimately it is WW1 that is the fundamental reason for the PGs downfall; not only did it cause direct problems for the PG, it was also the seed that the other problems stemmed from.
WW1 was the most significant reason for the PGs downfall for a number of reasons. Before the PG came into power, the already dire economic, agrarian and social problems were getting worse and worse as the war continued and as a result, the majority of Russians opposed the war effort. This meant that from the beginning of their reign, the PGs decision to carry on with the war made them unpopular as food shortages and the economy got worse and worse. For example, by 1917, the price of bread had doubled while the rations halved from their original figures in 1914. This discontent was proven as early as April the 20th as a riot broke onto the streets demanding that Milyukov, the head of Russian foreign affairs and key war minister, was sacked. This was significant as it meant that in the times of potential danger for the PG, they couldn’t rely on the people to support them. This situation only got worse as the months went on. Although the PG were fighting in the war for a good reason, to ensure financial support from the allies, many of the soldiers were unaware of this and had little idea of what they are fighting for. Subsequently they weren’t motivated to fight, generally opposed the war effort and were a weak enemy to fight against. This was proven in June as they launched an offensive on the Germans in Russia; they suffered