Year 8 Extended Learning Project (ELP) Why did Parliament win the Civil War? The King`s Royalists The year is 1642 and the bond that has existed between the King and his Parliament since the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215 has been shattered. War has now descended upon the realm with brother fighting brother, fathers fighting sons, nephews fighting uncles and the King fighting Parliament. The future looks grim and uncertain for the people of the British Isles as their countries have descended into the chaos of Civil War. However one thing is certain, the victor will either be King Charles Stewart and his Royalist supporters or the men of Parliament with their supporters.
He believed he had the support of the English Parliament. Mark Kishlansky states that where previous requests for money and army were pressing, as in the 1620’s, the situation after the First Bishops War was one of “genuine emergency,” and parliament knew this. Parliament was arguing that an invasion of England was not as important as attacks on the freedom of its citizens (Kishlansky, 1997: 140). Kishlansky has highlighted how important the events of the First Bishops War was, Charles was backed into a corner by parliament due to the events in Scotland. David Smith says that it was clear that some members of both houses sympathised with the covenanters and wished to defeat the supply of money in order to encourage a resistance, (Smith, 1998: p111) highlighting that there was a
The English Civil War lasted from 1642 to 1649. The war was a result of a split between King Charles I and Parliament. Neither side was willing to back down over the principles that they held and civil war was the only way this disagreement could be solved. The country split into those who supported the king and those who supported Parliament – the classic ingredients for a civil war. It has been argued that Charles I was the main reason that war broke out.
For such an organisation to have made a generous offer to the King previously shows a dichotomy between conservatism and radicalism. Cromwell embodied this dichotomy, first favouring the retention of the monarchy under Prince Henry, later rejecting the chance to wear the crown himself, feeling that God had condemned monarchy. This is important because it shows a significant proportion of those that supported parliament were not opposed to monarchy, but rather wished to secure the rights of parliament. As
The Victorian period, up until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, was therefore a time of religious confusion, but also, as we will see, of great charity, as well as of birth of new beliefs. What role did religion play in the lives of citizens of this period and their society? The Victorian era was marked by the immense influence of the Church of England in religion, of course, but also in politics- being linked to the government meant it had its hand in certain social decisions, such as the oppression of dissenters. This naturally caused friction amongst people of other faith, especially the Catholics who had previously been stripped of many of their civil rights, which were only returned to them in 1827 by Parliament. They had a long wait until 1840 to see the tax-supported status of the Anglican Church be removed, making them equal once again.
To What Extent Were Religious Reasons Responsible for The Outbreak of Civil War in 1642? In 1642, Civil War broke out in England, soon to be one of the greatest wars in English history. A civil war is when two opposing sides from the same country fight. In this case, it was between King Charles I (called the Royalists or Roundheads) against his own Parliament (known as the Parliamentarians or Cavaliers.) There were many reasons and causes leading up to the civil war, and can usually be divided into two categories: long term reasons and short term reasons.
What role did the New Model Army play in directing the political position of the Parliamentarians during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1642-60)? Discuss with reference to any two documents in Chapter 3 of the Anthology. The English Civil War, in one way or another, was a response to the aftermath of the Reformation which left behind political unrest and separate religious groups with indifferences and nonconformity. The Civil War affected everyone from commoners and the up and coming rising middle classes to the ruling aristocracy and Parliament. Parliament would eventually go on to create the New Model Army in response to events that surrounded Charles I, personal rule and his marriage to a catholic Queen Henrietta Maria, the daughter of Henry IV of France.
Power of Religion: The Thirty Year War Religion has been a beckon of hope for people in need of guidance and a need to keep a moral compass on society. Religion was also a tool to control the masses by royalty which is understandable since people who have the same morals tend to stick together. It was in the beginning of the 17th century when religion would clash from neighboring countries. No one would know at the time the effects of The Thirty Year War. Countries that wanted their religion to triumph would have not predicted a new shift of power, a massacre and new technique for future wars that could even influence the actions of today.
The events mentioned were only a starting point, with many violent acts to come but they do provide the base of which the Nationalist feeling of unhappiness stems from. The events that lead to the immediate intervention by the British, being the riots of 1968, bloody Sunday and the Omagh bombings all helped to stem the conflict, illustrating that it was at the stage where external intervention was required, and tensions were present because of British imperialist action taken in the 17th century. Without the external intervention, the agreement which solidified the peace, the Belfast or Good Friday agreement, the peace process would have been significantly slower if present at all. Had Britain not have intervened in the Irish conflict for the final time with a true interest in ending the violence, we could well be seeing reports of terrorism on our nightly news broadcast today. To understand how actions in 1541 by the British fuelled the fire of conflict, the background of Irish history needs to be covered.
But many historians believe that Cromwell should not have this statue. They deem that in later life, Cromwell’s views about Parliament and an autocracy changed. I will attempt to give a balanced argument for both sides. For: Oliver Cromwell was a widely respected leader and diplomat throughout his lifetime. During the Civil War, Cromwell commanded his troops with courage, valour, bravery, and employed great tactics at the battles of Naseby, Marston and many others.