As well as this, Gladstone also wanted to improve landlord and tenant relationships as the landlords could easily evict tenants randomly as it was a very unfair controlling system. The Irish Land Act meant there were limitations on the land lords’ eviction power and compensation was given for tenants who had been evicted. Numbers of lordships complained as many Protestants were absentee landowners so it was an incredible achievement to get the reforms through. Gladstone’s First Ministry could be considered successful in many ways. He improved efficiency and tackled the issue of
S7 also highlights the importance of the conscription crisis, which can be argued to be a result of British ignorance, or the manipulation and stirring up by the revolutionary party Sinn Fein which also had a key role in the conflict. Finally it can also be argued that other factors were involved, which allowed the Irish conflict to be triggered, such as the failure of Home Rule and the breakdown of the IPP particularly during the Ulster Crisis, and after the Easter Rebellion of 1914. To an extent, it can be argued that the main cause of the Anglo-Irish conflict of 1919-21 was nationalist extremism. Hepburn asses that 'their [extremists] first opportunity' arose during the Ulster Crisis, in events such as the Larne gun-running incident April 1914, which ultimately resulted a race between extreme nationalists and Ulster Unionists to become armed . The source describes how the extremists then spiralled
Despite this issue, DLG and the British Government set in place a range of Acts and treaty’s in order to successfully resolve this issue. It may however be argued that they made the situation worse by partitioning Ireland, splitting it into the Unionists in the North and the Republicans in the South. David Lloyd George decided to tackle this problem with a strategy revolving around repression and reform. He decided to send in a group called the ‘Black and Tans’. These were army and police men and were sent to fight the IRA and reduce the chances of the civilians of Ireland retaliating.
How effectively did Elizabeth I and her government deal with the problems they faced with the problems they faced in the period from 1588 to 1603? From 1588 to the end of her reign in 1603, Elizabeth continued to face problems at home and abroad. The Infamous Spanish Armada provided a challenge for her and her government. Rebellion in Ireland and the effects on the economy as a result were undoubtedly serious as well as the factions, which developed at court. Philip II was pushed was in to action by the execution of Mary Stuart in 1587.
Tone's Argument on Behalf of Irish Catholics (1791), suggested a fundamental alteration in one aspect of power at the time, that is, its religious basis, its exclusion of Catholics from conventional politics. Here is a longer extract from the same pamphlet, in which Tone outlines further his ideas about how the regime should be changed. On the evidence of this text, how revolutionary was Tone at this stage of his career? In 1789 the French Revolution, fought under the slogan “Liberty, equality, fraternity,”. Political agitation was fast gaining momentum.
There was an influx of Catholic immigrants, especially from Ireland. General political unrest existed, after the French Revolution in 1789, then a prolonged war with France between 1793 and 1815. In 1829 the Emancipation Acts permitted both Nonconformists and Catholics to hold any office. Persistent demands for constitutional change led to the Great Reform Act of 1832, which gave political inﬂuence to the middle classes. In 1838 the leading architect Augustus Welby Pugin was commissioned to design St Chad's Roman Catholic cathedral of Birmingham built in Gothic revival style during 1839-41.
How far do sources 1,2 and 3 suggest that the main obstacle to solving the Irish national problem was religion? Source 1 is from the Fenians who were extreme nationalists and Catholics meaning the source is going to be bias from the Catholic point of view. It was issued in 1867 the same year Gladstone came to power. The source begins with a quote ‘An alien aristocracy seized our lands and all material wealth and trampled on our rights and liberties’. This source tell us that the Irish believed the English Protestants had no reason to be in Ireland and the only reason they were there was as an oppressive power.
America was just starting out as a new country, and their foreign policy was not yet strong enough to protect itself. The Alien and Sedition Acts helped to limit foreign influence by encouraging deportation of foreigners from America. Some worried America faced not only a powerful enemy abroad, but also a threatening undercurrent of opposition at home. Hoping to strengthen the nation during war, and at the same time crush their political rivals, the Federalist Party in power passed these four acts. Deep divisions in politics combined with distrust in foreign nations and growing domestic turmoil paved the way for the passing of the Alien and Sedition Acts by the Federalists.
An important event in the history of Ireland began on the 24th of April 1916 when the Irish Citizens Army and the Irish Republican Brotherhood staged a rebellion against the British Army in Dublin, also known as the Easter Rising. The long-term causes of the Easter Rising were origins of the resentment of British rule in Ireland. These included the revenge of anti-Catholic Protestant Oliver Cromwell, the Great Potato Famine, which first began in 1845, as well as the largest plantation in Ulster. The short term causes included the Third Home Rule Bill in 1912, the Ulster Volunteers, the Irish National Volunteers and the outbreak of World War 1. The consequences of this event were, first of all, that the rebellion was a failure, the execution of Martyrs, the emergence of Sinn Fein, the establishment of the Dail, as well as the Anglo-Irish War.
What were the principal obstacles to the Northern Ireland peace process between 1991 and 1998? The Peace Process was the coming together of the Irish and British governments, as well as the unionist and loyalist parties of Northern Ireland, the IRA (Irish Republican Army) and Loyalist paramilitary groups, to put an end to the violence which had taken over all aspects of life in the North of Ireland and had spread to Britain. This violence was known as The Troubles. The Troubles were an infamous series of sectarian events that are world renowned, which took place in Northern Ireland between the late 1960’s and 1990’s; although many argue that the violence is still on-going. The violence incurred between the Protestant/Loyalist majority who wanted to remain a part of the United Kingdom and the Catholic/Nationalist minority who believed they were being discriminated against and wanted to reunite with the rest of Ireland.